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News articles about "Minerals"

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

Desalination with nanoporous graphene membrane

Less than 1 percent of Earth's water is drinkable Removing salt and other minerals from our biggest available source of water seawater may help satisfy a growing global population thirsty for fresh water for drinking ... - Read More

Soils retain, contain radioactivity in Fukushima

Radiation suddenly contaminates the land your family has farmed and lived on for generations Can soil play a role in protecting crops and human health Research in Fukushima Japan may lend an answer On March ... - Read More

Engineering a multipurpose, environmentally friendly dam

Researchers in the Philippines are using green engineering to develop a low cost dam that aims to prevent flooding generate electricity and help end food and water shortages Image Name The dam's frame consists of ... - Read More

Ascension of marine diatoms linked to vast increase in continental weathering

A team of researchers including Rensselaer professor Morgan Schaller has used mathematical modeling to show that continental erosion over the last 40 million years has contributed to the success of diatoms a group of tiny ... - Read More

Catch-release-repeat: Novel technique for handling molecules

Like vast international trading companies biological systems pick up freight items in the form of small molecules transport them from place to place and release them at their proper destination These ubiquitous processes are critical ... - Read More

Computer sims: In climatic tug of war, carbon released from thawing permafrost wins handily

There's a carbon showdown brewing in the Arctic as Earth's climate changes On one side thawing permafrost could release enormous amounts of long frozen carbon into the atmosphere On the opposing side as high latitude ... - Read More

No limit to life in sediment of ocean's deadest region

An international team of scientists led by a University of Rhode Island oceanographer has found oxygen and oxygen breathing microbes all the way through the sediment from the seafloor to the igneous basement at seven ... - Read More

New research into materials for tooth fillings

Tooth decay is a serious health problem and it is often necessary to repair cavities Today they often use a composite filling material made of acrylate compounds as it resembles the colour of the teeth ... - Read More

The Making of a Geochemist: Q&A with Andrew Stack

interview by Dawn Levy IMAGE 1 2015 P00289CAPTION CREDITAndrew Stack of Oak Ridge National Laboratory calls on his expertise in geology chemistry and computing to advance understanding of the dynamics of minerals underground Image credit ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

A vegetarian carnivorous plant

Carnivorous plants catch and digest tiny animals in order and derive benefits for their nutrition Interestingly the trend towards vegetarianism seems to overcome carnivorous plants as well The aquatic carnivorous bladderwort which can be found ... - Read More

Dirty pool: Soil's large carbon stores could be freed by increased CO2, plant growth

An increase in human made carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could initiate a chain reaction between plants and microorganisms that would unsettle one of the largest carbon reservoirs on the planet soil Researchers based at ... - Read More

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars SAM instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars Organic molecules are the building blocks of all ... - Read More

Earth's most abundant mineral finally has a name

An ancient meteorite and high energy X rays have helped scientists conclude a half century of effort to find identify and characterize a mineral that makes up 38 percent of the Earth And in doing ... - Read More

Storing hydrogen underground could boost transportation, energy security

Large scale storage of low pressure gaseous hydrogen in salt caverns and other underground sites for transportation fuel and grid scale energy applications offers several advantages over above ground storage says a recent Sandia National ... - Read More

Chemists identify role of soil in pollution control

Scientists have long known that air pollution caused by cars and trucks solvent use and even plants is reduced when broken down by naturally occurring compounds that act like detergents of the atmosphere What has ... - Read More

Deep-Earth carbon offers clues on origin of life: New organic carbon species linked to formation of diamonds -- and life itself

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet ... - Read More

Synthetic biology for space exploration

Does synthetic biology hold the key to manned space exploration of the Moon and Mars Berkeley Lab researchers have used synthetic biology to produce an inexpensive and reliable microbial based alternative to the world's most ... - Read More
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