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News articles about "Marine"

Seeing the forest for the trees: Youngest trees in a forest tell the biggest story

The largest trees in a forest may command the most attention but the smallest seedlings and youngest saplings are the ones that are most critical to the composition and diversity of the forest overall While ... - Read More

Cost of cloud brightening for cooler planet revealed

University of Manchester scientists have identified the most energy efficient way to make clouds more reflective to the sun in a bid to combat climate change Marine Cloud Brightening is a reversible geoengineering method proposed ... - Read More

Oil-dwelling bacteria are social creatures in Earth's deep biosphere

Oil reservoirs are scattered deep inside Earth like far flung islands in the ocean so their inhabitants might be expected to be very different but a new study led by Dartmouth College and University of ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

Caribbean gorgonian corals are resistant to ocean acidification

A new study on tropical shallow water soft corals known as gorgonians found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations These results suggest that Caribbean gorgonian corals may ... - Read More

A glimmer of hope for corals as baby reef builders cope with acidifying oceans

While the threat of coral bleaching as a result of climate change poses a serious risk to the future of coral reefs world wide new research has found that some baby corals may be able ... - Read More

Geckos are sticky without effort: Death has no impact on strength geckos use to adhere to surfaces

Geckos found in places with warm climates have fascinated people for hundreds of years Scientists have been especially intrigued by these lizards and have studied a variety of features such as the adhesive toe pads ... - Read More

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

CT scans of coral skeletons reveal ocean acidity increases reef erosion

Coral reefs persist in a balance between reef construction and reef breakdown As corals grow they construct the complex calcium carbonate framework that provides habitat for fish and other reef organisms Simultaneously bioeroders such as ... - Read More

Ammonium source in open ocean tracked by researchers

To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth's atmosphere and oceans it's important to distinguish human made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally A recent study co authored by a Brown University ... - Read More

Plump turtles swim better: First models of swimming animals

Bigger is better if you're a leatherback sea turtle For the first time researchers at the University of Wisconsin Madison Florida Atlantic University FAU and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA have measured the ... - Read More

Breathing sand: New measurement technique detects oxygen supply to bottom of North Sea

New analytical methods show for the first time how the permeable sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange Because the metabolic rate is ... - Read More

Ocean's living carbon pumps: When viruses attack giant algal blooms, global carbon cycles are affected

When we talk about global carbon fixation pumping carbon out of the atmosphere and fixing it into organic molecules by photosynthesis proper measurement is key to understanding this process By some estimates almost half of ... - Read More

Impact of offshore wind farms on marine species

Offshore wind power is a valuable source of renewable energy that can help reduce carbon emissions Technological advances are allowing higher capacity turbines to be installed in deeper water but there is still much unknown ... - Read More

Microfossils reveal warm oceans had less oxygen

Researchers in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences are pairing chemical analyses with micropaleontology the study of tiny fossilized organisms to better understand how global marine life was affected by a rapid warming event ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

Dolphin 'breathalyzer' could help diagnose animal and ocean health

Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal Scientists have been studying its possible use for diagnosing a wide range of conditions in humans and now in the beloved bottlenose dolphin In ... - Read More

Scientists identify method of eradicating harmful impacts from manufacturing process

The human and environmental dangers posed by a widely used manufacturing technique could be almost eradicated thanks to research led by Plymouth University Fibre reinforced polymer matrix composites are employed in a vast array of ... - Read More

Urine of tiny migrating marine animals affects ocean chemistry

The largest migration on the planet is the movement of small animals from the surface of the open ocean where they feed on plants under cover of darkness to the sunless depths where they hide ... - Read More

Bacteria may have ability to reduce impact of diazepam on UK river environments

The natural photo degradation of diazepam valium and similar medicines followed by bacterial breakdown may reduce their potentially harmful impact on the UK's freshwater environment a team of researchers has said Diazepam used to treat ... - Read More
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