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News articles about "Marine"

SAR11, oceans' most abundant organism, has ability to create methane

The oxygen rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide yet little is known about the source ... - Read More

Ironing out details of the carbon cycle: Dissolved iron in North Atlantic traced to Sahara desert

Iron is present in tiny concentrations in seawater On the order of a few billionths of a gram in a liter I did a calculation once on a ton of ocean water says Seth John ... - Read More

Identifying microbial species: New device will help identify the millions of bacteria that populate the world

Millions of microbial species populate the world but so far only a few have been identified due to the inability of most microbes to grow in the laboratory Edgar Goluch an engineer and Slava Epstein ... - Read More

Ancient Arctic sharks tolerated brackish water 50 million years ago

Sharks were a tolerant bunch some 50 million years ago cruising an Arctic Ocean that contained about the same percentage of freshwater as Louisiana's Lake Ponchatrain does today says a new study involving the University ... - Read More

Water samples teeming with information: Emerging techniques for environmental monitoring

Setting effective conservation policies requires near real time knowledge of environmental conditions Scientists with Stanford's Center for Ocean Solutions propose using genetic techniques as a low cost quick way to collect such data Environmental policy ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Origin of life: Stanley Miller's forgotten experiments, analyzed

Stanley Miller the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed ... - Read More

Marine Bacteria Are Natural Source of Chemical Fire Retardants

Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 6 29 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of California San Diego Health Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in ... - Read More

Scientists Find the Shocking Truth About Electric Fish

larger cells organized in sequence and capable of generating much higher voltages than those used to make muscles work “If you remove the ability of the muscle cell to contract and change the distribution of ... - Read More

Stanley Miller's Forgotten Experiments, Analyzed

Released 6 25 2014 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations National Science Foundation NASA Astrobiology Program NSF CHE ... - Read More

How red tide knocks out its competition

New research reveals how the algae behind red tide thoroughly disables but doesn't kill other species of algae The study shows how chemical signaling between algae can trigger big changes in the marine ecosystem Marine ... - Read More

Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval: Rate may be ten times faster

Some 56 million years ago a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring In the oceans carbonate sediments dissolved some organisms went extinct and others evolved Scientists have long suspected ... - Read More

Reducing emissions will be primary way to fight climate change, study finds

Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More

Richest marine reptile fossil bed along Africa's South Atlantic coast is dated at 71.5 mya

A new study uses carbon isotope dating to determine the first precise age for this bed and ties the western coast of Africa to 30 million years of global geologic records Paleontologists at Southern Methodist ... - Read More

Fate of methane following Deepwater Horizon spill examined by researchers

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Sustainable barnacle-repelling paint could help the shipping industry and the environment

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship's hull but they're literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel To prevent these and other hangers on from slowing ... - Read More

Rhode Island: Nitrogen cycle differs in bay and sound

A new study reports that anammox a key process in the nitrogen cycle is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound Scientists ... - Read More
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