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News articles about "Genetic"

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

American Chemical Society's Highest Honor Goes to Stephen J. Lippard, Ph.D.

and opened the door to efforts to develop more effective anti cancer medications During a five decade career Lippard authored more than 830 scientific papers and dozens of patents Along with Jeremy M Berg Ph ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More

Breakthrough in Detecting DNA Mutations Could Help Treat Tuberculosis, Cancer

Released 7 25 2013 1 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 7 28 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Washington more news from this source Jul 30 2013 The slightest variation in a sequence of ... - Read More

Sudden Decline in Testosterone May Cause Parkinson's Disease Symptoms in Men

Released 7 26 2013 3 25 PM EDTSource Newsroom Rush University Medical Center more news from this source Jul 28 2013 CHICAGO – The results of a new study by neurological researchers at Rush University ... - Read More

Scientists identify key fungal species that help explain mysteries of white nose syndrome

Fungi
U S Forest Service researchers have identified what may be a key to unraveling some of the mysteries of White Nose Syndrome the closest known non disease causing relatives of the fungus that causes WNS ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More

Using bacteria batteries to make electricity

Their idea is state of the art Ten Bielefeld students have set their sights on constructing a bio battery They want to make use of the bacteria Escherichia coli to convert glucose into energy With ... - Read More

Artificial cells to study molecular crowding and gene expression created

The interior of a living cell is a crowded place with proteins and other macromolecules packed tightly together A team of scientists at Carnegie Mellon University has approximated this molecular crowding in an artificial cellular ... - Read More

Biologists name newly discovered threadworm after physicist Max Planck

Biology, biology, Biology
Biologists in Tübingen working with Ralf J Sommer have named a newly discovered nematode after a German Nobel laureate Pristionchus maxplancki is thus the first species to carry the name of the scientist who died ... - Read More

Corals cozy up with bacterial buddies

Bacteria, bacteria
Corals may let certain bacteria get under their skin according to a new study by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology KAUST and soon to be ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers allow precision control of enzymes

enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, Enzymes, enzymes
Tweezers are a handy instrument when it comes to removing a splinter or plucking an eyebrow In new research Hao Yan and his colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute describe a pair of tweezers ... - Read More

Better antibiotics: Atomic-scale structure of ribosome with molecule that controls its motion

Atomic, Ribosome
This may look like a tangle of squiggly lines but you're actually looking at a molecular machine called a ribosome Its job is to translate DNA sequences into proteins the workhorse compounds that sustain you ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

New Findings Regarding DNA Damage Checkpoint Mechanism in Oxidative Stress

Released 6 14 2013 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina at Charlotte more news from this source Jun 14 2013 CHARLOTTE June 14 2013 In current health lore antioxidants are all the ... - Read More

Memory-Boosting Chemical Is Identified in Mice

trigger different enzymes to act downstream to switch off eIF2 alpha “Among other things the inactivation of eIF2 alpha is a brake on memory consolidation ” Walter said perhaps an evolutionary consequence of a cell ... - Read More

Odors from human skin cells can be used to identify melanoma

cells, cells
According to new research from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions odors from human skin cells can be used to identify melanoma the deadliest form of skin cancer In addition to detecting a unique odor ... - Read More

Research Identifies Scent of Melanoma

Released 6 13 2013 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Monell Chemical Senses Center more news from this source Jun 13 2013 PHILADELPHIA June 13 2013 According to new research from the Monell Center and collaborating ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More
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