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News articles about "Genetic"

Genetic approach helps design broadband metamaterial

A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More

Tracking proteins in single HIV particle

An interdisciplinary team of scientists from KU Leuven in Belgium has developed a new technique to examine how proteins interact with each other at the level of a single HIV viral particle The technique allows ... - Read More

Is FDA's Crackdown on Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing a Violation of the First Amendment?

medical treatment Some critics of this decision are arguing that the agency is disallowing advertising “commercial speech” as well as interfering with an individual’s right to receive information both of which are protected under the ... - Read More

Decoding the chemical vocabulary of plants

Plants spend their entire lifetime rooted to one spot When faced with a bad situation such as a swarm of hungry herbivores or a viral outbreak they have no option to flee but instead must ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Label-free, sequence-specific, inexpensive fluorescent DNA sensors

Using principles of energy transfer more commonly applied to designing solar cells scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new highly sensitive way to detect specific sequences of ... - Read More

Brain tumor cells penetrated by tiny, degradable particles carrying genetic instructions

Working together Johns Hopkins biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons report that they have created tiny biodegradable nanoparticles able to carry DNA to brain cancer cells in mice The team says the results of their proof of ... - Read More

Ocean microbes display remarkable genetic diversity: One species, a few drops of seawater, hundreds of coexisting subpopulations

The smallest most abundant marine microbe Prochlorococcus is a photosynthetic bacteria species essential to the marine ecosystem An estimated billion billion billion of the single cell creatures live in the oceans forming the base of ... - Read More

Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling

It's broadly understood that the world's oceans play a crucial role in the global scale cycling and exchange of carbon between Earth's ecosystems and atmosphere Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San ... - Read More

Chernobyl's birds adapting to ionizing radiation

Birds in the exclusion zone around Chernobyl are adapting to and may even be benefiting from long term exposure to radiation ecologists have found The study published in the British Ecological Society's journal Functional Ecology ... - Read More

Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes

Manure from dairy cows which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from the cows' gut bacteria The findings reported in mBio® the online ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles help target, quantify breast cancer segments in a living cell

Purdue University researchers have developed a way to detect and measure cancer levels in a living cell by using tiny gold particles with tails of synthetic DNA A team led by Joseph Irudayaraj professor of ... - Read More

Toward a faster, more accurate way to diagnose stroke

When someone suffers from a stroke a silent countdown begins A fast diagnosis and treatment can mean the difference between life and death So scientists are working on a new blood test that one day ... - Read More

Bamboo-Loving Giant Pandas Also Have a Sweet Tooth

Released 3 21 2014 12 00 PM EDTEmbargo expired 3 26 2014 5 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Monell Chemical Senses Center more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations ... - Read More

Engineers design 'living materials': Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that emit light

Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Catching the Early Spread of Breast Cancer

the nano flare Recently he and Thaxton designed these particles which enter circulating healthy and unhealthy cells in blood samples but light up only inside breast cancer cells “Nano flares can detect just a few ... - Read More

Major 'third-hand smoke' compound causes DNA damage and potentially cancer

Leftover cigarette smoke that clings to walls and furniture is a smelly nuisance but now research suggests that it could pose a far more serious threat especially to young children who put toys and other ... - Read More

In the lab, scientists coax E. coli to resist radiation damage

Capitalizing on the ability of an organism to evolve in response to punishment from a hostile environment scientists have coaxed the model bacterium Escherichia coli to dramatically resist ionizing radiation and in the process reveal ... - Read More

Big data tackles tiny molecular machines

Open feed cut Such is the humdrum life of a motor molecule the subject of new research at Rice University that eats and excretes damaged proteins and turns them into harmless peptides for disposal The ... - Read More

Roomy cages built from DNA could one day deliver drugs, devices

Move over nanotechnologists and make room for the biggest of the small Scientists at the Harvard's Wyss Institute have built a set of self assembling DNA cages one tenth as wide as a bacterium The ... - Read More
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