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News articles about "Genes"

New Compounds Reduce Debilitating Inflammation

Released 24 Oct 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Case Western Reserve University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations R01 GM086550 P01 DK091222 1 058 01 MPC ... - Read More

Breeding soybeans that can tolerate heat, drought

Hot dry conditions can wreak havoc on a field of soybeans According to the National Center for Soybean Technology drought is the greatest threat to profitability Work underway at South Dakota State University may change ... - Read More

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine

The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More

Charged graphene gives DNA a stage to perform molecular gymnastics

When Illinois researchers set out to investigate a method to control how DNA moves through a tiny sequencing device they did not know they were about to witness a display of molecular gymnastics Fast accurate ... - Read More

Special chromosomal structures control key genes

that is filled with roughly three meters of DNA As the instructions for all cell processes the DNA must be accessible to the cell’s transcription machinery yet be compressed tightly enough to fit inside the ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance: Bacterial defense policies

High resolution cryo electron microscopy has now revealed in unprecedented detail the structural changes in the bacterial ribosome which results in resistance to the antibiotic erythromycin Multiresistant bacterial pathogens that are insensitive to virtually all ... - Read More

Very low concentrations of heavy metals, antibiotics contribute to resistance

New Swedish research shows that plasmids containing genes that confer resistance to antibiotics can be enriched by very low concentrations of antibiotics and heavy metals These results strengthen the suspicion that the antibiotic residues and ... - Read More

Researchers pump up oil accumulation in plant leaves

Increasing the oil content of plant biomass could help fulfill the nation's increasing demand for renewable energy feedstocks But many of the details of how plant leaves make and break down oils have remained a ... - Read More

First pictures of BRCA2 protein show how it works to repair DNA

Scientists have taken pictures of the BRCA2 protein for the first time showing how it works to repair damaged DNA Mutations in the gene that encodes BRCA2 are well known for raising the risk of ... - Read More

Dog waste contaminates our waterways: A new test could reveal how big the problem is

Americans love their dogs but they don't always love to pick up after them And that's a problem Dog feces left on the ground wash into waterways sometimes carrying bacteria including antibiotic resistant strains that ... - Read More

Boosting biofuel: Yeast made to tolerate high levels of ethanol, making them more productive

Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol However large concentrations of ethanol can be toxic to yeast which has limited the production capacity of many yeast ... - Read More

Dog Waste Contaminates Our Waterways

the microbiota of humans and the canine pets they live with often overlap making the analysis complicated So Shanks' team set out to create a more specific test The researchers developed a new genetic testing ... - Read More

UNC Researchers Find Final Pieces to the Circadian Clock Puzzle

Released 12 Sep 2014 9 45 AM EDTEmbargo expired 14 Sep 2014 5 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina School of Medicine more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in ... - Read More

Gulf killifishes' biological responses to oil spills similar in field, laboratory studies

Gulf killifish biological responses to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill detected by researchers in the field are similar to those in controlled laboratory studies according to a study published September 10 2014 in the open ... - Read More

Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines

The sea grass beds of Long Island's Great South Bay once teemed with shellfish Clams scallops and oysters filtered nutrients from the water and flushed money through the local economy But three decades after the ... - Read More

Not all phytoplankton in the ocean need to take their vitamins

Some species of marine phytoplankton such as the prolific bloomer Emiliania huxleyi can grow without consuming vitamin B1 thiamine researchers have discovered The finding contradicts the common view that E huxleyi and many other eukaryotic ... - Read More

Small molecule acts as on-off switch for nature's antibiotic factory: Tells Streptomyces to either veg out or get busy

Scientists have identified the developmental on off switch for Streptomyces a group of soil microbes that produce more than two thirds of the world's naturally derived antibiotic medicines Their hope now would be to see ... - Read More

Fundamental Plant Chemicals Trace Back to Bacteria

Released 7 Aug 2014 10 45 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations The Plant CellAug 8 2014 A fundamental chemical ... - Read More

Novel process for creation of fuel and chemical compounds

A team of researchers at the University of Wisconsin Madison has identified the genes and enzymes that create a promising compound the 19 carbon furan containing fatty acid 19Fu FA The compound has a variety ... - Read More

Scientists Find Protein-Building Enzymes Have Undergone Metamorphosis and Evolved Diverse New Functions

work toward their next discoveries The institute's graduate program which awards PhD degrees in biology and chemistry ranks among the top ten of its kind in the nation For more information see www scripps edu ... - Read More
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