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News articles about "Gas"

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Potential well water contaminants highest near natural gas drilling

Contaminants, Natural gas, Gas
A new study of 100 private water wells in and near the Barnett Shale showed elevated levels of potential contaminants such as arsenic and selenium closest to natural gas extraction sites according to a team ... - Read More

Direct nitrogen fixation for low cost energy conversion

Nitrogen, nitrogen
A simple low cost and eco friendly method of creating nitrogen doped graphene nanoplatelets NGnPs which could be used in dye sensitized solar cells and fuel cells is published in Scientific Reports today The work ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

Scientists discover new variability in iron supply to the oceans with climate implications

Oceans
The supply of dissolved iron to oceans around continental shelves has been found to be more variable by region than previously believed with implications for future climate prediction Iron is key to the removal of ... - Read More

First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world

marine, Marine
Under the microscope they look like they could be from another planet but these microscopic organisms inhabit the depths of our oceans in nearly infinite numbers To begin to identify where when and how much ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Educators explore innovative theater as a way to learn physics

In a study released last week education researchers found that personifying energy allowed students to grapple with difficult ideas about how energy works Contrasted with more traditional lectures and graphs this innovative instructional technique may ... - Read More

Smoke from Canadian wildfires observed in Europe

System
This summer Canada is experiencing unusually extensive wildfires This week alone 341 new forest fires have consumed a total area of 616 000 hectares The smoke clouds produced by the fires in Canada have now ... - Read More

Individual atoms imaged in a living catalytic reaction

Reaction, Reaction
Groundbreaking new electron microscopy technology developed at the York JEOL Nanocentre at the University of York is allowing researchers to observe and analyse single atoms small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in situ experiments for ... - Read More

Race for new temperature definition: Most accurate measurement yet of Boltzmann constant

Temperature, temperature
Scientists at the UK's National Physical Laboratory NPL have performed the most accurate measurement yet of the Boltzmann constant While the impact of such an achievement is not immediately obvious the measurement could revolutionise the ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

'Peak oil' concerns should ease, experts predict

Substitution, Substitution
Fears of depleting Earth's supply of oil are unwarranted according to new research which concludes that the demand for oil as opposed to the supply will reach its own peak and then decline Peak oil ... - Read More

Nanomaterial to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions

University of Adelaide researchers have developed a new nanomaterial that could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal fired power stations The new nanomaterial described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society efficiently separates ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Measuring molecules in their undistorted form

Using a special electron beam apparatus scientists at Bielefeld University can determine the precise three dimensional structure of gaseous molecules To do this Professor Dr Norbert Mitzel's research team analyses the molecules in their gaseous ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Designer droplets open new possibilities

By designing droplets using electricity researchers have created a technique that could possibly be used for everything from extracting oil from wells to creating makeup and food You've seen Hollandaise sauce or mayonnaise that has ... - Read More

Alternative energy: A cooler way to clean hydrogen

A process known as ethanol steam reforming is creating opportunities for fuel cell researchers thanks to the recent rise of the bioethanol industry This technique generates hydrogen gas H2 directly within fuel cell systems onboard ... - Read More
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