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News articles about "Gas"

Airborne measurements confirm leaks from oil and gas operations

During two days of intensive airborne measurements oil and gas operations in Colorado's Front Range leaked nearly three times as much methane a greenhouse gas as predicted based on inventory estimates and seven times as ... - Read More

Smaller microchips that keep their cool

Temperatures often over 200 degrees C occur in geothermal and oil production conventional microelectronics hit their limits there Researchers have now fabricated compact microchips that can keep their cool even at 300 degrees C An ... - Read More

Climate change threatens to worsen U.S. ozone pollution

Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise according to new research led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research NCAR The detailed study ... - Read More

Synthesized 'solar' jet fuel: Renewable kerosene from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide

With the first ever production of synthesized solar jet fuel the EU funded SOLAR JET project has successfully demonstrated the entire production chain for renewable kerosene obtained directly from sunlight water and carbon dioxide CO2 ... - Read More

Wastewater disposal may trigger quakes at greater distance than previously thought

Oil and gas development activities including underground disposal of wastewater and hydraulic fracturing may induce earthquakes by changing the state of stress on existing faults to the point of failure Earthquakes from wastewater disposal may ... - Read More

Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents

More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface as dark clouds of mineral rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war Like pirates boarding a ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Widespread hydrogen fueling infrastructure goal of new project

As hydrogen fuel cell vehicles continue to roll out in increasing numbers the infrastructure for fueling them must expand as well To this end a new project launched by the Energy Department and led by ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

New lab-on-a-chip device overcomes miniaturization problems

UNSW Australia chemists have invented a new type of tiny lab on a chip device that could have a diverse range of applications including to detect toxic gases fabricate integrated circuits and screen biological molecules ... - Read More

Bacteria combat dangerous gas leaks

Bacteria could mop up naturally occurring and human made leaks of natural gases before they are released into the atmosphere and cause global warming according to new research from the University of East Anglia Findings ... - Read More

New fluorescent hybrid material changes color according to direction of light

The UPV EHU's Molecular Spectroscopy Group in collaboration with the Institute of Catalysis and Petroleum Chemistry of the CSIC Spanish National Research Council has developed a highly fluorescent hybrid material that changes colour depending on ... - Read More

Rare-earth-like magnetic properties in iron

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have observed magnetic properties typically associated with those observed in rare earth elements in iron These properties are observed in a new iron based compound that does ... - Read More

Nitrogen pollution, climate and land use: Why what we eat matters

A new report quantifies for the first time how much our food choices affect pollutant nitrogen emissions climate change and land use across Europe The executive summary of the European Nitrogen Assessment Special Report on ... - Read More

Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in U.S. Arctic

A changing climate is increasing the accessibility of U S Arctic waters to commercial activities such as shipping oil and gas development and tourism raising concern about the risk of oil spills A new report ... - Read More

Surface modification of titanium dioxide for photocatalytic degradation of hazardous pollutants under ordinary visible light

UiTM researchers have developed a modified photocatalyst which is economical and effective at transforming organic pollutants into harmless end products Photocatalytic degradation is one of the highly effective applications in transforming organic pollutants to harmless ... - Read More

Checking up on crude oil in the ground: Nanoreporters tell 'sour' oil from 'sweet'

Scientists at Rice University have created a nanoscale detector that checks for and reports on the presence of hydrogen sulfide in crude oil and natural gas while they're still in the ground The nanoreporter is ... - Read More

Deep ocean current may slow due to climate change

Far beneath the surface of the ocean deep currents act as conveyer belts channeling heat carbon oxygen and nutrients around the globe A new study by the University of Pennsylvania's Irina Marinov and Raffaele Bernardello ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More
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