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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Gas"

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

New compact atomic clock design uses cold atoms to boost precision

Atomic
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have demonstrated a compact atomic clock design that relies on cold rubidium atoms instead of the usual hot atoms a switch that promises improved precision ... - Read More

Nanotube-based sensors can be implanted under the skin for a year

Glucose, Carbon, Glucose, carbon
Nitric oxide NO is one of the most important signaling molecules in living cells carrying messages within the brain and coordinating immune system functions In many cancerous cells levels are perturbed but very little is ... - Read More

Geoengineering the climate could reduce vital rains

Climate, climate
Although a significant build up in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere would alter worldwide precipitation patterns a widely discussed technological approach to reduce future global warming would also interfere with rainfall and snowfall new research ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

Giant atom eats quantum gas

Gas
A team of experimental and theoretical physicists from the University of Stuttgart studied a single micrometer sized atom This atom contains tens of thousands of normal atoms in its electron orbital The interaction of electrons ... - Read More

Go ahead, dunk your cell phone in salt water

Barrier films used in everything from food and drug packaging to consumer electronics and solar cells help prevent your food from spoiling help to preserve medication and protect your electronics from damage due to exposure ... - Read More

Straw could supply energy to millions of households

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Leipzig Straw from agriculture could play an important role in the future energy mix for Germany Up until now it has been underutilised as a biomass residue and waste material These were the conclusions of ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Spinning atoms in light crystals

Crystals
After more than 40 years of intense research experimental physicists still seek to explore the rich behaviour of electrons confined to a two dimensional crystalline structure exposed to large magnetic fields Now a team of ... - Read More

A noble yet simple way to synthesize new metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Reduction, Synthesize, Oxygen
A Korean research team from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST S Korea developed a high performance and stable metal free electrocatalyst for ORR and the research work was published in a science ... - Read More

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves

Natural gas, Gas
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy ... - Read More

Plasmonic crystal alters to match light-frequency source: Device is like a photonic crystal, but smaller and tunable

Crystal
Gems are known for the beauty of the light that passes through them But it is the fixed atomic arrangements of these crystals that determine the light frequencies permitted passage Now a Sandia led team ... - Read More

Heavy air pollution in Canadian area with cancer spikes

cancer
Levels of contaminants higher than in some of the world's most polluted cities have been found downwind of Canada's largest oil gas and tar sands processing zone in a rural area where men suffer elevated ... - Read More

Optimism about meeting 'Grand Challenge' of global prosperity

With ecological viability threatened world resources draining population burgeoning and despair running rampant the end is nigh Or not says Lawrence M Cathles Cornell professor of earth and atmospheric sciences In spite of our apparent ... - Read More

Learning how to convert heat directly into power: A thermoelectric materials emulator

Heat
Discovered in the 19th century thermoelectric materials have the remarkable property that heating them creates a small electrical current But enhancing this current to a level compatible with the needs of modern technologies has revealed ... - Read More

Gold nanoparticles give an edge in recycling carbon dioxide

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
It's a 21st century alchemist's dream turning Earth's superabundance of carbon dioxide a greenhouse gas into fuel or useful industrial chemicals Researchers from Brown have shown that finely tuned gold nanoparticles can do the job ... - Read More

Climate change: Fast out of the gate, slow to the finish the gate

Fast
A great deal of research has focused on the amount of global warming resulting from increased greenhouse gas concentrations But there has been relatively little study of the pace of the change following these increases ... - Read More

Water vapor in stratosphere plays role in climate

Water vapor changes in the stratosphere contribute to warmer temperatures and likely play an important role in the evolution of Earth's climate says a research team led by a Texas A& amp M University professor ... - Read More
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