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News articles about "Gas"

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Research reveals how farmers could mitigate nitrous oxide emissions

Farmers may be able to help reduce emissions of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide N2O by incorporating copper into crop fertilization processes according to new research from the University of East Anglia Global agricultural emissions ... - Read More

Global carbon emissions set to reach record 36 billion tons in 2013

Emissions
Global emissions of carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels are set to rise again in 2013 reaching a record high of 36 billion tonnes according to new figures from the Global Carbon Project co led ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Tiny 'Lego' blocks build Janus nanotubes with potential for new drugs and water purification

Researchers have created tiny protein tubes named after the Roman god Janus which may offer a new way to accurately channel drugs into the body's cells Using a process which they liken to molecular Lego ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño?

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Putting a new spin on tokamak disruptions

Plasma
In the quest for fusion energy on earth researchers use magnetic fields to insulate hot plasma from the walls of the chamber to maintain the reaction and prevent damage to interior surfaces In the tokamak ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Altering surface textures in 'counterintuitive manner' may lead to cooling efficiency gains

Nuclear
Researchers across the globe are racing to find ways to improve the cooling of hot surfaces for technologies ranging from small handheld electronics all the way to industrial sized applications such as nuclear power plants ... - Read More

New method gives accurate picture of gas storage by microscopic cages

Gas
A computational method to quantify the adsorption of gas by porous zeolites should help labs know what to expect before they embark upon slow costly experiments according to researchers at Rice University The new method ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Waste could help fuel low carbon energy and transport

Fuel
In a time when society – and nature itself – are threatened by climate change it seems fair to ask Does recycling still matter Two Swedish scientists say it does Seemingly insurmountable threats like global ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Levitating foam liquid under the spell of magnetic fields

No better solution to studying ever draining foams than applying a strong magnetic field to keep the liquid in the foam at a standstill by levitating its water molecules Foams fascinate partly due to their ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More

Tricking algae's biological clock boosts production of drugs, biofuels

biological
Tricking algae's biological clock to remain in its daytime setting can dramatically boost the amount of valuable compounds that these simple marine plants can produce when they are grown in constant light That is the ... - Read More

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

New compact atomic clock design uses cold atoms to boost precision

Atomic
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have demonstrated a compact atomic clock design that relies on cold rubidium atoms instead of the usual hot atoms a switch that promises improved precision ... - Read More

Nanotube-based sensors can be implanted under the skin for a year

Glucose, Carbon, Glucose, carbon
Nitric oxide NO is one of the most important signaling molecules in living cells carrying messages within the brain and coordinating immune system functions In many cancerous cells levels are perturbed but very little is ... - Read More
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