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News articles about "Gas"

The entropy of nations: Global energy inequality lessens, but for how long?

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More

Acid mine drainage reduces radioactivity in fracking waste

Acid
Much of the naturally occurring radioactivity in fracking wastewater might be removed by blending it with another wastewater from acid mine drainage according to a Duke University led study Fracking wastewater and acid mine drainage ... - Read More

Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy

Battery, Renewable energy, Renewable
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid making power from renewable energy sources such as wind ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Producing electricity on the Moon at night

Heat
Scientists from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and other international collaborators have proposed a system of mirrors processed lunar soil and a heat engine to provide energy to vehicles and crew during the lunar night ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

Dual catalysts help synthesize alpha-olefins into new organic compounds

Boston College chemists have developed a new chemical synthesis methodology that converts chemicals known as alpha olefins into new organic compounds By combining a pair of catalytic reactions in sequence the researchers converted inexpensive and ... - Read More

Greek economic crisis leads to air pollution crisis

In the midst of a winter cold snap a study from researchers in the United States and Greece reveals an overlooked side effect of economic crisis dangerous air quality caused by burning cheaper fuel for ... - Read More

Big data project reveals where carbon-stocking projects in Africa provide greatest benefits

Carbon, carbon
It is increasingly recognized that climate change has the potential to threaten people and nature and that it is imperative to tackle the drivers of climate change namely greenhouse gases One way to slow climate ... - Read More

Ways of the photoelectric effect; How physicists have learned how to select them

In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More

New salt compounds challenge the foundation of chemistry

Salt, Compounds
All good research breaks new ground but rarely does the research unearth truths that challenge the foundation of a science That's what Artem R Oganov has done and the professor of theoretical crystallography in the ... - Read More

Salt under pressure is not NaCl

Salt, Pressure
In the very beginning of the school chemistry course we are told of NaCl as an archetypal ionic compound Being less electronegative sodium loses its electron to chlorine which following the octet rule thus acquires ... - Read More

Graphene-based field-effect transistor with semiconducting nature opens up practical use in electronics

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
UNIST announced a method for the mass production of boron nitrogen co doped graphene nanoplatelets which led to the fabrication of a graphene based field effect transistor FET with semiconducting nature This opens up opportunities ... - Read More

SBU Team Discovers New Compounds that Challenge the Foundation of Chemistry

that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Lost freshwater may double climate change effects on agriculture

Agriculture, Freshwater
A warmer world is expected to have severe consequences for global agriculture and food supply reducing yields of major crops even as population and demand increases Now a new analysis combining climate agricultural and hydrological ... - Read More

Ethanol blends carry hidden risk

Methane, Methane
Blending more ethanol into fuel to cut air pollution from vehicles carries a hidden risk that toxic or even explosive gases may find their way into buildings according to researchers at Rice University Those problems ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

New results from inside the ozone hole

Ozone, Ozone
NASA scientists have revealed the inner workings of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica and found that declining chlorine in the stratosphere has not yet caused a recovery of the ozone hole More ... - Read More

Noble gas molecule discovered in space

Gas, Space
A molecule containing a noble gas has been discovered in space by a team including astronomers from Cardiff University The find was made using a Cardiff led instrument aboard Europe's Herschel Space Observatory The molecule ... - Read More
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