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News articles about "Food"

Less toxic metabolites, more chemical product

Chemical product, Chemical product
The first dynamic regulatory system that prevents the build up of toxic metabolites in engineered microbes has been reported by a team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy ... - Read More

Hypoxia Issues in the Gulf of Mexico

The Mississippi River Basin is home to much of the United States' fertile crop land Though we need our food and energy crops their production has led to an increase in the levels of nutrients ... - Read More

Optimism about meeting 'Grand Challenge' of global prosperity

With ecological viability threatened world resources draining population burgeoning and despair running rampant the end is nigh Or not says Lawrence M Cathles Cornell professor of earth and atmospheric sciences In spite of our apparent ... - Read More

Charged up and ready to connect

An innovative strategy produces positively and negatively charged polymer chains ideal for generating multifunctional coatings Gelatin a well known food ingredient belongs to a class of molecules called polyampholytes that contain both positively and negatively ... - Read More

Cold, salty and promiscuous: Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake

Gene, Gene
Sequestered in Antarctica's Vestfold Hills Deep Lake became isolated from the ocean 3 500 years ago by the Antarctic continent rising resulting in a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold and providing researchers ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered

Nitrogen fertilizer costs U S farmers approximately $8 billion each year and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams damaging the delicate water systems Now a discovery by a team of University ... - Read More

3-D models of electrical streamers

Medical
Streamers may be great for decorating a child's party but in dielectrics they are the primary origin of electric breakdown They can cause catastrophic damage to electrical equipment harm the surrounding environment and lead to ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance in agricultural environments: A call to action

Antibiotic resistant pathogens are an emerging critical human health issue The World Health Organization WHO has declared antibiotic resistance as a top health issue worldwide Two million Americans are infected each year with diseases resistant ... - Read More

Steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected

Environment
Assessing the risk posed to aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical products into waterways is often based on a belief that as the compounds degrade the ecological risks naturally decline But ... - Read More

With carbon nanotubes, a path to flexible, low-cost sensors: Potential applications range from air-quality monitors to electronic skin

Carbon nanotubes, Applications
Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen TUM are showing the way toward low cost industrial scale manufacturing of a new family of electronic devices A leading example is a gas sensor that could be integrated ... - Read More

Cell Powerhouses Shape Risk of Heart Disease

Released 9 26 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Alabama at Birmingham more news from this source Sep 27 2013 BIRMINGHAM Ala – Genes in mitochondria the “powerhouses” that turn sugar into energy ... - Read More

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Light, Light
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared IR spectrum The identification of molecules by sensing their unique ... - Read More

Common cosmetic and sunblock ingredient, titanium dioxide, may have potential health risks

ACS
Using a particular type of titanium dioxide a common ingredient in cosmetics food products toothpaste and sunscreen could reduce the potential health risks associated with the widely used compound The report on the substance produced ... - Read More

Scientists Discover Possible Way To Turn Fungus From Foe To Friend

except one It turned out that acidification of the vacuole exclusively depended on one version of the gene This allowed them to test the importance of the vacuole’s acidity on virulence separate from the many ... - Read More

'Grassroots action' in livestock feeding to help curb global climate change

In a series of papers to be presented next week scientists offer new evidence that a potent chemical mechanism operating in the roots of a tropical grass used for livestock feed has enormous potential to ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate: CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb

marine, Marine, Climate, climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases tiny plankton seem set to succeed An international team of marine scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated carbon dioxide CO2 levels This ... - Read More
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