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News articles about "Food"

Bioenergy potential unearthed in leaf-cutter ant communities

Bacteria, bacteria
As spring warms up Wisconsin humans aren't the only ones tending their gardens At the University of Wisconsin Madison Department of Bacteriology colonies of leaf cutter ants cultivate thriving communities of fungi and bacteria using ... - Read More

Study of oceans' past raises worries about their future

Oceans
The ocean the Titanic sailed through just over 100 years ago was very different from the one we swim in today Global warming is increasing ocean temperatures and harming marine food webs Nitrogen run off ... - Read More

Fossil kangaroo teeth reveal mosaic of Pliocene ecosystems in Queensland

The teeth of a kangaroo and other extinct marsupials reveal that southeastern Queensland 2.5 5 million years ago was a mosaic of tropical forests wetlands and grasslands and much less arid than previously thought The ... - Read More

Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification

sea
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide absorption in Antarctic seas

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean

Ocean, Ocean
A team of Spanish researchers coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council CSIC has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean They are using more than 2 000 samples of microorganisms collected ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

Moving Iron in Antarctica

Carbon, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Detection of apple juices and cereals which exceed permitted levels of mycotoxins

Researchers from the University of Granada Spain have analysed the presence of patulin a type of toxin produced by fungi in several commercial apple juices The results show that more than 50% of the samples ... - Read More

Bees and other pollinating insects are just one factor in food production

Food, Food, Food
No food for the human race without bees It is not quite as straightforward as that A case study by ecologists from ETH Zurich in a coffee growing area in India reveals that pollinating insects ... - Read More

Detecting disease with a smartphone accessory

System, System
As antiretroviral drugs that treat HIV have become more commonplace the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma a type of cancer linked to AIDS has decreased in the United States The disease however remains prevalent in sub ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Diet likely changed game for some hominids 3.5 million years ago

Carbon, carbon
A new look at the diets of ancient African hominids shows a game changer occurred about 3.5 million years ago when some members added grasses or sedges to their menus according to a new study ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Acceleration of ocean denitrification during deglaciation documented

As ice sheets melted during the deglaciation of the last ice age and global oceans warmed oceanic oxygen levels decreased and denitrification accelerated by 30 to 120 percent a new international study shows creating oxygen ... - Read More

Dairy's carbon footprint: Flatulence tops the list

Carbon, carbon
Researchers at the University of Arkansas are attempting to help the U S dairy industry decrease its carbon footprint as concentrations of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reach record levels In 2007 Americans consumed approximately ... - Read More

Fast-sinking jellyfish could boost the oceans' uptake of carbon dioxide

Fast, Oceans
The oceans absorb about 25 percent of the carbon dioxide CO2 emitted by human activities Since the industrial revolution they have taken up about half of the human made CO2. Billions of planktonic organisms too ... - Read More
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