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News articles about "Element"

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity

Catalyst
The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions Scientists must tweak atomic structures to achieve an optimum balance of reactivity ... - Read More

New device to revolutionize gaming in virtual realities

Friction
How is it possible to walk through 3D virtual realities while staying in one place Engineers from the Vienna University of Technology have solved this problem and are now introducing their Virtualizer Head mounted devices ... - Read More

Concepts for Houston, Texas flood barrier

Ecosystems, Gas
This month it will be exactly five years ago that Hurricane Ike caused enormous damage in and around Houston and Galveston in the US state of Texas With more than $38 billion in damage and ... - Read More

Speedy chemical reaction captured in mid-stride

In synthetic chemistry making the best possible use of the needed ingredients is key to optimizing high quality production at the lowest possible cost The element rhodium is a powerful catalyst a driver of chemical ... - Read More

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized

Mercury
Microbes that live in rice paddies northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research ... - Read More

Researchers Capture Speedy Chemical Reaction in Mid-Stride

can tell chemists a great deal about the processes and their efficiency However intermediates normally exist for a second or less before moving to the next step in the reaction making them extremely difficult to ... - Read More

New kind of ultraviolet LED could lead to portable, low-cost devices

Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet
Commercial uses for ultraviolet UV light are growing and now a new kind of LED under development at The Ohio State University could lead to more portable and low cost uses of the technology The ... - Read More

New opportunites found for waste heat

Heat
Physicists at the University of Houston's physics department and the Texas Center for Superconductivity are working on an innovation that could boost vehicle mileage by 5 percent and power plant and industrial processing performance as ... - Read More

Bismuth-carrying nanotubes show promise for CT scans

cells, cells
Scientists at Rice University have trapped bismuth in a nanotube cage to tag stem cells for X ray tracking Bismuth is probably best known as the active element in a popular stomach settling elixir and ... - Read More

Rare earth metal essential element for methane-munching acid-volcano microbe

Acid
Nijmegen microbiologists have shown that the rare earth metal Cerium is essential for the methane oxidizing bacteria which they discovered in 2007 in an Italian hot acid volcanic mudpot It is the first time that ... - Read More

Existence of new element confirmed

Element, Element
An international team of researchers led by physicists from Lund University has confirmed the existence of what is considered a new element with atomic number 115. The experiment was conducted at the GSI research facility ... - Read More

Researchers open a door for solid state physics: Laser processes observed with X-rays on a solid

Solid state
Without the currently available plethora of X ray methods basic research in the physical sciences would be unthinkable The methods are used in solid state physics in the analysis of biological structures and even art ... - Read More

Morphing manganese: New discovery alters understanding of chemistry that moves elements through natural world

Elements
An often overlooked form of manganese an element critical to many life processes is far more prevalent in ocean environments than previously known according to a study led by University of Delaware researchers that was ... - Read More

Novel worm community affects methane release in ocean

Community
Scientists have discovered a super charged methane seep in the ocean off New Zealand that has created its own unique food web resulting in much more methane escaping from the ocean floor into the water ... - Read More

Pass the salt: Common condiment could enable new high-tech industry -- silicon nanostructures

Salt, Nanostructures, Silicon
Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to ... - Read More

Molecules form 2-D patterns never before observed: Nanoscience experiments produce elusive 5-vertex tilings

Nanoscience, molecules
Tessellation patterns that have fascinated mathematicians since Johannes Kepler worked out their systematics 400 years ago and that more recently have caught the eye of both artists and crystallographers can now be seen in the ... - Read More

Cobalt replacements make solar cells more sustainable

Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully replaced the rare element iodine in copper based dye sensitized solar cells by the more abundant element cobalt taking a step forward in the development of environmentally ... - Read More

Game changer for synthesizing new materials: Method synthesizes thousands of new compounds with ultra low thermal conductivity

Conductivity, Compounds, New materials
University of Oregon chemist David C Johnson likens his lab's newly published accomplishments to combining two flavors of ice cream vanilla and chocolate and churning out thousands of flavors to appeal to any taste bud ... - Read More

Cement converted into an electrical conductor

Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a cementitious material incorporating carbon nanofibers in its composition turning cement into an excellent conductor of electricity capable of performing functions beyond its usual structural function This ... - Read More

Controlling genes with light: New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off, helping scientists better understand their function

Genes, Genes
New technique can rapidly turn genes on and off helping scientists better understand their function Although human cells have an estimated 20 000 genes only a fraction of those are turned on at any given ... - Read More
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