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News articles about "Electron"

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Snapshots differentiate molecules from their mirror image

molecules, molecules
Small difference large effect Most biological molecules occur in two variants an original and its mirror image As a result they are related to one another like the left hand to the right For instance ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons for 'reading' DNA: Researchers improve the nanopore-based technology for detecting DNA molecules

molecules
If we wanted to count the number of people in a crowd we could make on the fly estimates very likely to be imprecise or we could ask each person to pass through a turnstile ... - Read More

Enhancing battery performance for portable electronics

Battery
The ever increasing market for portable electronic devices such as laptops cell phones and MP3 players has resulted in an equally heavy demand for secondary batteries more commonly known as rechargeable batteries Lithium ion Li ... - Read More

Oxygen, phosphorus and early life on Earth

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion

If you want to get the most out of the sun you have to improve the performance of the materials used An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Two for one in solar power: New process could revolutionize solar energy harvesting

Solar energy, Solar power
Solar cells offer the opportunity to harvest abundant renewable energy Although the highest energy light occurs in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum most solar energy is in the infrared There is a trade off in ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Solar cells utilize thermal radiation

Thermal radiation from the sun is largely lost on most silicon solar cells Up converters transform the infrared radiation into usable light however Researchers have now for the first time successfully adapted this effect for ... - Read More

Fantastic phonons: Blocking sound, channeling heat with 'unprecedented precision'

Heat, Sound
Imagine living on a bustling city block but free from the noise of car horns and people on the street The emerging field of phononics could one day make this a reality The phonon like ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More

High-energy physicists predict new family of four-quark objects

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
An international team of high energy physicists says the discovery of an electrically charged subatomic particle called Zc 4020 is a sign that they have begun to unveil a whole new family of four quark ... - Read More
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