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News articles about "Electron"

Low-power tunneling transistor for high-performance devices at low voltage

Applications
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More

Nanoscale friction: High energy losses in the vicinity of charge density waves

Friction, Density
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More

Graphene-based nano-antennas may enable networks of tiny machines

Nano
Networks of nanometer scale machines offer exciting potential applications in medicine industry environmental protection and defense but until now there's been one very small problem the limited capability of nanoscale antennas fabricated from traditional metallic ... - Read More

NASA Curiosity: First Mars age measurement and human exploration help

Mars, NASA
NASA's Curiosity rover is providing vital insight about Mars' past and current environments that will aid plans for future robotic and human missions In a little more than a year on the Red Planet the ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More

A stopwatch for electron flashes: duration of energetic electron pulses measured using laser fields

Electron, Electron, Electron
A stopwatch made of light can determine the duration of extremely brief electron flashes Teams based in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics LAP at LMU and at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have ... - Read More

Scientists offer new insights on controlling nanoparticle stability

University of Oregon chemists studying the structure of ligand stabilized gold nanoparticles have captured fundamental new insights about their stability The information they say could help to maintain a desired integral property in nanoparticles used ... - Read More

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Snapshots differentiate molecules from their mirror image

molecules, molecules
Small difference large effect Most biological molecules occur in two variants an original and its mirror image As a result they are related to one another like the left hand to the right For instance ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe

Properties
For 40 years scientists thought they understood how certain bacteria work together to anaerobically digest biomass to produce methane gas important in bioenergy and the major source of greenhouse gas But now microbiologists in Derek ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons for 'reading' DNA: Researchers improve the nanopore-based technology for detecting DNA molecules

molecules
If we wanted to count the number of people in a crowd we could make on the fly estimates very likely to be imprecise or we could ask each person to pass through a turnstile ... - Read More

Enhancing battery performance for portable electronics

Battery
The ever increasing market for portable electronic devices such as laptops cell phones and MP3 players has resulted in an equally heavy demand for secondary batteries more commonly known as rechargeable batteries Lithium ion Li ... - Read More

Oxygen, phosphorus and early life on Earth

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion

If you want to get the most out of the sun you have to improve the performance of the materials used An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Two for one in solar power: New process could revolutionize solar energy harvesting

Solar energy, Solar power
Solar cells offer the opportunity to harvest abundant renewable energy Although the highest energy light occurs in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum most solar energy is in the infrared There is a trade off in ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More
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