Photovoltaic energy conversion offers one of the best means for the future of renewable energy in the world The efficiency of solar cells depends heavily upon the light absorbing materials they use Photovoltaic systems based ... - Read More
Using the interaction between light and charge fluctuations in metal nanostuctures called plasmons physicist have demonstrated the capability of measuring temperature changes in very small 3 D regions of space Plasmons can be thought of ... - Read More
'Sugar is a perfect energy storage compound in nature ' Y H Percival Zhang said 'So it's only logical that we try to harness this natural power in an environmentally friendly way to produce a ... - Read More
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More
Just a single foreign atom located in the vicinity of a molecule can change spatial arrangement of its atoms In a spectacular experiment an international team of researchers was able to change persistently positions of ... - Read More
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More
Researchers simulating how certain bacteria run electrical current through tiny molecular wires have discovered a secret Nature uses for electron travel The results are key to understanding how the bacteria do chemistry in the ground ... - Read More
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors in vivo imaging agents and for photothermal therapeutics explained David G Cahill a Willett Professor and head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering ... - Read More
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More
but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More
As is well known the Earth is about 4.6 billion years old No rocks exist however that are older than about 3.8 billion years A sedimentary rock section in the Jack Hills of western Australia ... - Read More
In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More
All good research breaks new ground but rarely does the research unearth truths that challenge the foundation of a science That's what Artem R Oganov has done and the professor of theoretical crystallography in the ... - Read More
In the very beginning of the school chemistry course we are told of NaCl as an archetypal ionic compound Being less electronegative sodium loses its electron to chlorine which following the octet rule thus acquires ... - Read More
that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More
Networks of nanometer scale machines offer exciting potential applications in medicine industry environmental protection and defense but until now there's been one very small problem the limited capability of nanoscale antennas fabricated from traditional metallic ... - Read More
NASA's Curiosity rover is providing vital insight about Mars' past and current environments that will aid plans for future robotic and human missions In a little more than a year on the Red Planet the ... - Read More
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