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News articles about "Crystal"

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity

Catalyst
The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions Scientists must tweak atomic structures to achieve an optimum balance of reactivity ... - Read More

Photosynthesis mechanism: Tofu-like crystalline catalysts for producing clean energy

Catalysts, Photosynthesis
Research by Professor Jian Ren Shen at Okayama University demystifies the reaction mechanisms of photosynthesis and the findings may lead to the development of methods for producing an unlimited source of clean energy Professor Jian ... - Read More

Researchers Discover Evidence to Support Controversial Theory of 'Buckyball' Formation

theranostics This approach will provide an important component for tomorrow’s arsenal of precision medicine ” Dorn and Zhang’s research collaborators include Faye Bowles a graduate student researcher Marilyn Olmstead a professor of chemistry and Alan ... - Read More

Evidence to support controversial theory of 'buckyball' formation

Fullerenes
Researchers at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have reported the first experimental evidence that supports the theory that a soccer ball shaped nanoparticle commonly called a buckyball is the result of a breakdown of ... - Read More

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Molecular mirror images assigned: Safer drugs thanks to a new solution to a 150-year-old chemistry problem?

Solution
Just like gloves molecules come in so called left handed and right handed versions Until now however it could be determined only with great difficulty whether a certain molecule is right handed or left handed ... - Read More

State E-Waste Disposal Bans Have Been Largely Ineffective

are topics that have received much attention in both the media and research community While the environmental footprint of IT devices is indeed significant a singular focus on their direct impacts ignores the indirect environmental ... - Read More

Growing thin films of germanium

Thin films, Films
Researchers have developed a new technique to produce thin films of germanium crystals key components for next generation electronic devices such as advanced large scale integrated circuits and flexible electronics which are required for gadgets ... - Read More

Electronics advance moves closer to a world beyond silicon

Silicon
Researchers in the College of Engineering at Oregon State University have made a significant advance in the function of metal insulator metal or MIM diodes a technology premised on the assumption that the speed of ... - Read More

A completely new atomic crystal dynamic of the white pigment titanium dioxide discovered

Atomic, Crystal
An international team of researchers at Vienna University of Technology in Austria and at Princeton University in the USA has confirmed theoretically predicted interactions between single oxygen molecules and crystalline titanium dioxide The results which ... - Read More

Biomaterial, pharmacy researchers develop polymer to help oral medications reach bloodstream

All too often when a person takes a pill full of a potent and effective drug the drug passes straight through the body not reaching the organ where it is needed a waste of money ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

Molecular switch changes liquid crystal colors

Dartmouth researchers have developed a molecular switch that changes a liquid crystal's readout color based on a chemical input This new development may open the way for using liquid crystals in detecting harmful gases pathogens ... - Read More

Researchers open a door for solid state physics: Laser processes observed with X-rays on a solid

Solid state
Without the currently available plethora of X ray methods basic research in the physical sciences would be unthinkable The methods are used in solid state physics in the analysis of biological structures and even art ... - Read More

A path to better MTV-MOFs: Best method for predicting adsorption in carbon dioxide-scrubbing materials

Adsorption, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Adsorption, Materials, materials, carbon
Scientists would like to apply the same principles by which baking soda removes food odors from refrigerators or silica powder keeps moisture away from electronic devices to scrub carbon dioxide from the exhaust gases of ... - Read More

Researchers optically levitate a glowing, nanoscale diamond

Diamond
Researchers at the University of Rochester have measured for the first time light emitted by photoluminescence from a nanodiamond levitating in free space In a paper published this week in Optics Letters they describe how ... - Read More

A crystal of a different color: One chemical forms two colors of crystals, sheds insight on agostic bonds important in industrial catalysis

Crystals, Crystal
Chemists have unexpectedly made two differently colored crystals one orange the other blue from one chemical in the same flask while studying a special kind of molecular connection called an agostic bond The discovery reported ... - Read More

Traditional forest management reduces fungal diversity

Fungi
In the beech groves of Navarre a team from the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has analysed the influence exerted by forestry management on the fungi populations that decompose wood There is a ... - Read More

A new way to trap light: Phenomenon could lead to new types of lasers and sensors

Light, Light
There are several ways to trap a beam of light usually with mirrors other reflective surfaces or high tech materials such as photonic crystals But now researchers at MIT have discovered a new method to ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More
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