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News articles about "Crystal"

Beyond graphene: Controlling properties of 2-D materials

The isolation of graphene at the University in 2004 led to the discovery of many other 2D crystals While graphene has an unrivalled set of superlatives these crystals cover a large range of properties from ... - Read More

Revolutionary 'metamaterial' has potential to reshape neurosurgery

The development of graphene a highly advanced metamaterial with many unique and varied properties may lead to exciting new applications in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases according to a report in the May ... - Read More

Discovery of novel gold-based superconductor

Researchers at Japan's National Institute for Materials Science NIMS have synthesized a novel superconductor SrAuSi3 which contains gold as a principal constituent element Led by Masaaki Isobe a team consisting of Hiroyuki Yoshida Koji Kimoto ... - Read More

Rare-earth-like magnetic properties in iron

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have observed magnetic properties typically associated with those observed in rare earth elements in iron These properties are observed in a new iron based compound that does ... - Read More

Surprising material could play huge role in saving energy: Tin selenide is best at converting waste heat to electricity

One strategy for addressing the world's energy crisis is to stop wasting so much energy when producing and using it which can happen in coal fired power plants or transportation Nearly two thirds of energy ... - Read More

Forever clean? Metal–organic 'micromushrooms' repel all

A clever chemical transformation yields surface bound microstructures that efficiently drive away oil and water based contaminants Natural surfaces that repel water such as lotus leaves or butterfly wings often have a rough microscale texture ... - Read More

Researchers bolster development of programmable quantum computers

University of Chicago researchers and their colleagues at University College London have performed a proof of concept experiment that will aid the future development of programmable quantum computers Many complex problems are difficult and slow ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Mathematical equation that explains the behavior of nanofoams

A research study participated in by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M has discovered that nanometric size foam structures follow the same universal laws as does soap lather small bubbles disappear in favor of the ... - Read More

Thermal conductance can be controlled like waves using nanostructures

Thermal conduction is a familiar everyday phenomenon In a hot sauna for instance you can sit comfortably on a wooden bench that has a temperature of 100C 212F but if you touch a metallic nail ... - Read More

Atomically thick metal membranes

For the first time researchers have shown that freestanding metal membranes consisting of a single layer of atoms can be stable under ambient conditions This result of an international research team from Germany Poland and ... - Read More

A brake for spinning molecules: Precise control of rotational temperature of molecular ions for lab-based astrochemistry

The precise control of the rotational temperature of molecular ions opens up new possibilities for laboratory based astrochemistry Chemical reactions taking place in outer space can now be more easily studied on Earth An international ... - Read More

Two-dimensional material shows promise for optoelectronics: LEDs, photovoltaic cells, and light detectors

A team of MIT researchers has used a novel material that's just a few atoms thick to create devices that can harness or emit light This proof of concept could lead to ultrathin lightweight and ... - Read More

Blue paint on Japanese bullet trains can inhibit bacterial growth

Using an artificial protein that contains metal researchers at Nagoya University were able to inhibit the growth of a pathogenic bacterium prevalent in hospitals which cause diseases to humans and has a high resistance to ... - Read More

Combatting hospital-acquired infections with protein metal complex

A protein containing a metal complex for blue paint inhibits growth of a pathogenic bacterium through iron deprivation Professor Yoshihito Watanabe WPI ITbM Cooperating Researcher Associate Professor Osami Shoji Ms Chikako Shirataki of Nagoya University ... - Read More

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Colored diamonds are a superconductor's best friend

Flawed but colorful diamonds are among the most sensitive detectors of magnetic fields known today allowing physicists to explore the minuscule magnetic fields in metals exotic materials and even human tissue University of California Berkeley ... - Read More

Solution to planet-clogging plastics? Fully compostable bioplastic made from shrimp shells used to make objects

Researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute have developed a method to carry out large scale manufacturing of everyday objects from cell phones to food containers and toys using a fully degradable bioplastic isolated from shrimp shells ... - Read More

First step towards 'programmable materials': Sheet metal that never rattles

Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich have succeeded in producing a prototype of a vibration damping material that could change the world of mechanics forever The material of the future is not only able to ... - Read More

Swiss Cheese Crystal, or High-Tech Sponge?

and the researchers attached a light responsive chemical group called a diarylethene to the organic component of their material Diarylethene is special because it houses a ring of atoms that is normally open but shuts ... - Read More
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