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News articles about "Crystal"

Novel laser system mimics sunlight to test solar cell efficiency

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a laser based instrument that generates artificial sunlight to help test solar cell properties and find ways to boost their efficiency The novel ... - Read More

Controlling the nano-world: Scientists unveil first method for controlling the growth of metal crystals

Researchers have announced the first ever method for controlling the growth of metal crystals from single atoms Published in the journal Nature Communications and developed at the University of Warwick the method called Nanocrystallometry allows ... - Read More

Liquid crystal as lubricant

Thanks to a new lubricant small gears can run with virtually no friction Made from liquid crystalline fluid these lubricants drastically reduce friction and wear Lubricants are used in motors axels ventilators and manufacturing machines ... - Read More

Definitive evidence of how zeolites grow: Tracking crystal growth in real time

Researchers have found the first definitive evidence of how silicalite 1 MFI type zeolites grow showing that growth is a concerted process involving both the attachment of nanoparticles and the addition of molecules Both processes ... - Read More

The promise of purple for enhanced bioimaging

Newly detected 'energy clustering' structures inside rare earth nanoparticles generate intense violet light which is ideal for studying photon induced transformations Labeling biomolecules with light emitting nanoparticles is a powerful technique for observing cell movement ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

Clues for superconductivity in an iron-based material

For the first time scientists have a clearer understanding of how to control the appearance of a superconducting phase in a material adding crucial fundamental knowledge and perhaps setting the stage for advances in the ... - Read More

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

Playing pool with carbon atoms: How to change the crystal structure of graphene

A University of Arizona led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene more commonly known as pencil 'lead' with an electric field an important step toward the possible use ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Cheap, environmentally-friendly method for making transparent conductive films for laptops, smartphones, solar cells

Transparent conductive films are now an integral part of our everyday lives Whether in smartphones tablets laptops flat screens or on a larger scale in solar cells Yet they are expensive and complex to manufacture ... - Read More

New fluorescent hybrid material changes color according to direction of light

The UPV EHU's Molecular Spectroscopy Group in collaboration with the Institute of Catalysis and Petroleum Chemistry of the CSIC Spanish National Research Council has developed a highly fluorescent hybrid material that changes colour depending on ... - Read More

Beyond graphene: Controlling properties of 2-D materials

The isolation of graphene at the University in 2004 led to the discovery of many other 2D crystals While graphene has an unrivalled set of superlatives these crystals cover a large range of properties from ... - Read More

Revolutionary 'metamaterial' has potential to reshape neurosurgery

The development of graphene a highly advanced metamaterial with many unique and varied properties may lead to exciting new applications in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases according to a report in the May ... - Read More

Discovery of novel gold-based superconductor

Researchers at Japan's National Institute for Materials Science NIMS have synthesized a novel superconductor SrAuSi3 which contains gold as a principal constituent element Led by Masaaki Isobe a team consisting of Hiroyuki Yoshida Koji Kimoto ... - Read More

Rare-earth-like magnetic properties in iron

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have observed magnetic properties typically associated with those observed in rare earth elements in iron These properties are observed in a new iron based compound that does ... - Read More

Surprising material could play huge role in saving energy: Tin selenide is best at converting waste heat to electricity

One strategy for addressing the world's energy crisis is to stop wasting so much energy when producing and using it which can happen in coal fired power plants or transportation Nearly two thirds of energy ... - Read More

Forever clean? Metal–organic 'micromushrooms' repel all

A clever chemical transformation yields surface bound microstructures that efficiently drive away oil and water based contaminants Natural surfaces that repel water such as lotus leaves or butterfly wings often have a rough microscale texture ... - Read More

Researchers bolster development of programmable quantum computers

University of Chicago researchers and their colleagues at University College London have performed a proof of concept experiment that will aid the future development of programmable quantum computers Many complex problems are difficult and slow ... - Read More
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