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News articles about "Crystal"

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond

Nuclei, Diamond, MRI
Today's nuclear magnetic resonance NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI technologies like quantum information processing and nuclear spintronic technologies are based on an intrinsic quantum property of electrons and atomic nuclei called spin Electrons and ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

Printing innovations provide 10-fold improvement in organic electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Through innovations to a printing process researchers have made major improvements to organic electronics a technology in demand for lightweight low cost solar cells flexible electronic displays and tiny sensors The printing method is fast ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

Biologists take snapshot of fleeting protein process

Protein, Protein, protein
Structural biologists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine BCM have captured the first three dimensional crystalline snapshot of a critical but fleeting process that takes place thousands of times per second in each ... - Read More

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

A quantum simulator for magnetic materials

Physicists understand perfectly well why a fridge magnet sticks to certain metallic surfaces But there are more exotic forms of magnetism whose properties remain unclear despite decades of intense research An important step towards filling ... - Read More

Stitching defects into world’s thinnest semiconductor

Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Semiconductor
In pioneering new research at Columbia University scientists have grown high quality crystals of molybdenum disulfide MoS2 the world's thinnest semiconductor and studied how these crystals stitch together at the atomic scale to form continuous ... - Read More

Spheres can form squares

Surface tension
Everybody who has tried to stack oranges in a box knows that a regular packing of spheres in a flat layer naturally leads to a hexagonal pattern where each sphere is surrounded by six neighbours ... - Read More

Geochemist aids development of geologic time scale for study of Earth's history

Time
A Boise State University researcher has taken a lead role in developing the most current timetable on Earth's geologic history Geochemist Mark Schmitz is one of four editors on The Geologic Time Scale 2012 or ... - Read More

Kinks and curves at the nanoscale: New research shows 'perfect twin boundaries' are not so perfect

Nanoscale, Nanoscale, nanoscale
One of the basic principles of nanotechnology is that when you make things extremely small one nanometer is about five atoms wide 100 000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair they are ... - Read More

New magnetic graphene may revolutionize electronics

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
Researchers from IMDEA Nanociencia Institute and from Autonoma and Complutense Universities of Madrid Spain have managed to give graphene magnetic properties The breakthrough published in the journal 'Nature Physics' opens the door to the development ... - Read More

Flawed diamonds promise sensory perfection: Electron spin extended for incredibly tiny magnetic detectors

Electron, Electron, Electron
From brain to heart to stomach the bodies of humans and animals generate weak magnetic fields that a supersensitive detector could use to pinpoint illnesses trace drugs and maybe even read minds Sensors no bigger ... - Read More

Perfectly doped quantum dots yield 'colors to dye for'

Yield, Quantum dots
Quantum dots are tiny nanocrystals with extraordinary optical and electrical properties with possible uses in dye production bioimaging and solar energy production Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a way to ... - Read More

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

In vivo flexible large scale integrated circuits developed

In vivo
A team led by Professor Keon Jae Lee from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at KAIST has developed in vivo silicon based flexible large scale integrated circuits LSI for bio medical wireless communication ... - Read More

Unique method for creating uniform nanoparticles developed

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
University of Illinois researchers have developed a new way to produce highly uniform nanocrystals used for both fundamental and applied nanotechnology projects We have developed a unique approach for the synthesis of highly uniform icosahedral ... - Read More

Microwave oven cooks up solar cell material

Microwave
University of Utah metallurgists used an old microwave oven to produce a nanocrystal semiconductor rapidly using cheap abundant and less toxic metals than other semiconductors They hope it will be used for more efficient photovoltaic ... - Read More

Discovery of new gigantic swelling phenomenon of layered crystal driven by water

A research group at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics MANA of NIMS discovered an intriguing phenomenon in which an inorganic layered crystal expanded and contracted by 100 times its original size in a few ... - Read More
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