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News articles about "Crystal"

Forever clean? Metal–organic 'micromushrooms' repel all

A clever chemical transformation yields surface bound microstructures that efficiently drive away oil and water based contaminants Natural surfaces that repel water such as lotus leaves or butterfly wings often have a rough microscale texture ... - Read More

Researchers bolster development of programmable quantum computers

University of Chicago researchers and their colleagues at University College London have performed a proof of concept experiment that will aid the future development of programmable quantum computers Many complex problems are difficult and slow ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Mathematical equation that explains the behavior of nanofoams

A research study participated in by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M has discovered that nanometric size foam structures follow the same universal laws as does soap lather small bubbles disappear in favor of the ... - Read More

Thermal conductance can be controlled like waves using nanostructures

Thermal conduction is a familiar everyday phenomenon In a hot sauna for instance you can sit comfortably on a wooden bench that has a temperature of 100C 212F but if you touch a metallic nail ... - Read More

Atomically thick metal membranes

For the first time researchers have shown that freestanding metal membranes consisting of a single layer of atoms can be stable under ambient conditions This result of an international research team from Germany Poland and ... - Read More

A brake for spinning molecules: Precise control of rotational temperature of molecular ions for lab-based astrochemistry

The precise control of the rotational temperature of molecular ions opens up new possibilities for laboratory based astrochemistry Chemical reactions taking place in outer space can now be more easily studied on Earth An international ... - Read More

Two-dimensional material shows promise for optoelectronics: LEDs, photovoltaic cells, and light detectors

A team of MIT researchers has used a novel material that's just a few atoms thick to create devices that can harness or emit light This proof of concept could lead to ultrathin lightweight and ... - Read More

Blue paint on Japanese bullet trains can inhibit bacterial growth

Using an artificial protein that contains metal researchers at Nagoya University were able to inhibit the growth of a pathogenic bacterium prevalent in hospitals which cause diseases to humans and has a high resistance to ... - Read More

Combatting hospital-acquired infections with protein metal complex

A protein containing a metal complex for blue paint inhibits growth of a pathogenic bacterium through iron deprivation Professor Yoshihito Watanabe WPI ITbM Cooperating Researcher Associate Professor Osami Shoji Ms Chikako Shirataki of Nagoya University ... - Read More

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Colored diamonds are a superconductor's best friend

Flawed but colorful diamonds are among the most sensitive detectors of magnetic fields known today allowing physicists to explore the minuscule magnetic fields in metals exotic materials and even human tissue University of California Berkeley ... - Read More

Solution to planet-clogging plastics? Fully compostable bioplastic made from shrimp shells used to make objects

Researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute have developed a method to carry out large scale manufacturing of everyday objects from cell phones to food containers and toys using a fully degradable bioplastic isolated from shrimp shells ... - Read More

First step towards 'programmable materials': Sheet metal that never rattles

Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich have succeeded in producing a prototype of a vibration damping material that could change the world of mechanics forever The material of the future is not only able to ... - Read More

Swiss Cheese Crystal, or High-Tech Sponge?

and the researchers attached a light responsive chemical group called a diarylethene to the organic component of their material Diarylethene is special because it houses a ring of atoms that is normally open but shuts ... - Read More

Staying cool in the nanoelectric universe by getting hot

Hot, Hot
As smartphones tablets and other gadgets become smaller and more sophisticated the heat they generate while in use increases This is a growing problem because it can cause the electronics inside the gadgets to fail ... - Read More

Engineering new properties on ultra-thin nanomaterials: Tool opens door for design of new phases of materials

Physicists have engineered novel magnetic and electronic phases in the ultra thin films of in a specific electronic magnetic material opening the door for researchers to design new classes of material for the next generation ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Two-proton bit controlled by a single copper atom

Proton, Atom, Atom, Proton, Atom, Proton
Just a single foreign atom located in the vicinity of a molecule can change spatial arrangement of its atoms In a spectacular experiment an international team of researchers was able to change persistently positions of ... - Read More

Researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses

Crystal
A team of material scientists chemical engineers and physicists from the University of Pennsylvania has made another advance in their effort to use liquid crystals as a medium for assembling structures In their earlier studies ... - Read More
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