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News articles about "Crystal"

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Goldilocks principle wrong for particle assembly: Too hot and too cold is just right

Microscopic particles that bind under low temperatures will melt as temperatures rise to moderate levels but re connect under hotter conditions a team of New York University scientists has found Their discovery points to new ... - Read More

Crystallizing the DNA nanotechnology dream

DNA has garnered attention for its potential as a programmable material platform that could spawn entire new and revolutionary nanodevices in computer science microscopy biology and more Researchers have been working to master the ability ... - Read More

Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills

In a design that mimics a hard to duplicate texture of starfish shells University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets We call them nanolobes They look like little hot air ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

A new piece in the high-temperature superconductivity puzzle: 'Dressing' in superconductors

The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More

Precision printing: Unique capabilities of 3-D printing revealed

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated an additive manufacturing method to control the structure and properties of metal components with precision unmatched by conventional manufacturing processes Ryan Dehoff staff ... - Read More

More efficient transformer materials

Almost every electronic device contains a transformer An important material used in their construction is electrical steel Researchers have found a way to improve the performance of electrical steel and manufacture it more efficiently using ... - Read More

Ensuring polymorphic purity in drugs

Reliable batch to batch formation is crucial for crystalline active pharmaceutical ingredients as two different polymorphs of the same drug may function very differently in the body Sendhil Poornachary from the A*STAR Institute of Chemical ... - Read More

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Breakthrough allows researchers to watch molecules

A new crystallographic technique developed at the University of Leeds is set to transform scientists' ability to observe how molecules work A research paper published in the journal Nature Methods on October 5 describes a ... - Read More

'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health

A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side

Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More

Three's a charm: Detectors reveal entangled photon triplets

Researchers at the University of Waterloo in Canada have directly entangled three photons in the most technologically useful state for the first time thanks in part to superfast super efficient single photon detectors developed by ... - Read More

New species of electrons can lead to better computing

In a research paper published this week in Science the collaboration led by MIT's theory professor Leonid Levitov and Manchester's Nobel laureate Sir Andre Geim report a material in which electrons move at a controllable ... - Read More

Excitonic dark states shed light on TMDC atomic layers: New promise for nanoelectronic and photonic applications

A team of Berkeley Lab researchers believes it has uncovered the secret behind the unusual optoelectronic properties of single atomic layers of transition metal dichalcogenide TMDC materials the two dimensional semiconductors that hold great promise ... - Read More

Scientists fabricate single-photon sources in solid matter

A breakthrough in quantum information processing was achieved using state of the art diamond growth technology A research group led by Junichi Isoya professor emeritus University of Tsukuba and Tokuyuki Teraji principal researcher Optical and ... - Read More

More efficient fuel cells for vehicles: Angling chromium to let oxygen through

Researchers have been trying to increase the efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells by lowering the temperatures at which they run More efficient fuel cells might gain wider use in vehicles or as quiet pollution ... - Read More
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