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News articles about "Computational"

Scientists set quantum speed limit

University of California Berkeley scientists have proved a fundamental relationship between energy and time that sets a quantum speed limit on processes ranging from quantum computing and tunneling to optical switching The energy time uncertainty ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanotextures create antireflective surface on silicon solar cells

Reducing the amount of sunlight that bounces off the surface of solar cells helps maximize the conversion of the sun's rays to electricity so manufacturers use coatings to cut down on reflections Now scientists at ... - Read More

Shining a light on quantum dots measurement

Due to their nanoscale dimensions and sensitivity to light quantum dots are being used for a number of bioimaging applications including in vivo imaging of tumor cells detection of biomolecules and measurement of pH changes ... - Read More

Water, water, everywhere: Controlling the properties of nanomaterials

Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are learning how the properties of water molecules on the surface of metal oxides can be used to better control these minerals and use ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

Creation of 'rocker' protein opens way for new smart molecules in medicine, other fields

Human cells are protected by a largely impenetrable molecular membrane but researchers have built the first artificial transporter protein that carries individual atoms across membranes opening the possibility of engineering a new class of smart ... - Read More

Possible avenue to better electrolyte for lithium ion batteries

The lithium ion batteries that mobilize our electronic devices need to be improved if they are to power electric vehicles or store electrical energy for the grid Berkeley Lab researchers looking for a better understanding ... - Read More

How the Physics of Champagne and Soda Bubbles May Help Address the World's Future Energy Needs

Released 17 Dec 2014 9 45 AM ESTEmbargo expired 18 Dec 2014 11 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

Breakthrough simplifies design of gels for food, cosmetics and biomedicine

Scientists at the University of Strathclyde and City University of New York have created methods that dramatically simplify the discovery of biological gels for food cosmetics and biomedicine as published in the journal Nature Chemistry ... - Read More

Composite materials can be designed in a supercomputer 'virtual lab'

UCL scientists have shown how advanced computer simulations can be used to design new composite materials Nanocomposites which are widely used in industry are revolutionary materials in which microscopic particles are dispersed through plastics But ... - Read More

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

Ultrafast complex molecular simulations by ‘cutting up molecules’

Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More

Visualizing DNA double-strand break process for the first time

Scientists from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre CNIO led by Guillermo Montoya have developed a method for producing biological crystals that has allowed scientists to observe for the first time DNA double chain breaks ... - Read More

World’s fastest 2-D camera, 100 billion frames per second, may enable new scientific discoveries

A team of biomedical engineers at Washington University in St Louis led by Lihong Wang PhD the Gene K Beare Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering has developed the world's fastest receive only 2 D camera ... - Read More

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Images of a nearly invisible mouse

Researchers at the RIKEN Quantitative Biology Center in Japan together with collaborators from the University of Tokyo have developed a method that combines tissue decolorization and light sheet fluorescent microscopy to take extremely detailed images ... - Read More

The geometry of RNA and its 3D structure

To understand the function of an RNA molecule similar to the better known DNA and vital for cell metabolism we need to know its three dimensional structure Unfortunately establishing the shape of an RNA strand ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Robots recognize humans in disaster environments

Through a computational algorithm a team of researchers from the University of Guadalajara UDG in Mexico developed a neural network that allows a small robot to detect different patterns such as images fingerprints handwriting faces ... - Read More

Superconducting circuits, simplified

Computer chips with superconducting circuits circuits with zero electrical resistance would be 50 to 100 times as energy efficient as today's chips an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers ... - Read More
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