Sparks literally fly when a sperm and an egg hit it off The fertilized mammalian egg releases from its surface billions of zinc atoms in “zinc sparks ” one wave after another found a Northwestern ... - Read More
Like a baseball player sliding into third a hot monomer skids in a straight line along a cold surface until it's safely among its fellow molecules This is not what usually happens when scientists assemble ... - Read More
Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More
Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More
Scientists in South Korea used the Zinc Finger protein to develop a new manufacturing technique for size controllable magnetic Nanoparticle Clusters Professor Hak Sung Kim of the Department of Biological Sciences at Korea Advanced Institute ... - Read More
Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More
Computers are good at identifying patterns in huge data sets Humans by contrast are good at inferring patterns from just a few examples In a paper appearing at the Neural Information Processing Society's conference next ... - Read More
A*STAR researchers have devised a way to destabilize gold nanoclusters so that they form tiny atomic nuclei that then grow together into perfectly proportioned 12 sided dodecahedron crystals These unique polyhedra have energy rich surfaces ... - Read More
Knowledge of the three dimensional structures of proteins is essential for understanding biological processes Structures help to explain molecular and biochemical functions visualize details of macromolecular interactions facilitate understanding of underlying biochemical mechanisms and define ... - Read More
Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis nitrogen fixation and respiration with the help of clusters of metal atoms as active sites But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states ... - Read More
Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More
along a larger carbohydrate molecule that makes a cell wall Their work identified the spatial orientation of the GRP proteins in the cluster and showed that the protein carbohydrate complexes stimulate an immune response in ... - Read More
It has been known for several years that sulfuric acid contributes to the formation of tiny aerosol particles which play an important role in the formation of clouds The new study by Kürten et al ... - Read More
A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing and it's not the source many people may have feared What's more the problem may ... - Read More
A separation method that isolates protein protected gold clusters enables improved sensing of toxic mercury compounds and pesticides Fluorescence based detection of pesticides and other environmentally harmful chemicals is limited by the ability of current ... - Read More
Most of North America's megafauna mastodons short faced bears giant ground sloths saber toothed cats and American camels and horses disappeared close to 13 000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene period The ... - Read More
Aromatic compounds are found widely in natural resources such as petroleum and biomass and breaking the carbon carbon bonds in these compounds plays an important role in the production of fuels and valuable chemicals from ... - Read More
A gadolinium based material that can be cooled by varying a magnetic field may be useful for cooling low temperature sensors Magnetic refrigeration is attracting attention as an efficient way to chill sensitive scientific instruments ... - Read More
Security forces worldwide rely on sophisticated equipment trained personnel and detection dogs to safeguard airports and other public areas against terrorist attacks A revolutionary new electronic chip with nano sized chemical sensors is about to ... - Read More
The discovery 30 years ago of soccer ball shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research Now there appears to be a new ball on the pitch Researchers from Brown ... - Read More
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