Most of North America's megafauna mastodons short faced bears giant ground sloths saber toothed cats and American camels and horses disappeared close to 13 000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene period The ... - Read More
Aromatic compounds are found widely in natural resources such as petroleum and biomass and breaking the carbon carbon bonds in these compounds plays an important role in the production of fuels and valuable chemicals from ... - Read More
A gadolinium based material that can be cooled by varying a magnetic field may be useful for cooling low temperature sensors Magnetic refrigeration is attracting attention as an efficient way to chill sensitive scientific instruments ... - Read More
Security forces worldwide rely on sophisticated equipment trained personnel and detection dogs to safeguard airports and other public areas against terrorist attacks A revolutionary new electronic chip with nano sized chemical sensors is about to ... - Read More
The discovery 30 years ago of soccer ball shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research Now there appears to be a new ball on the pitch Researchers from Brown ... - Read More
Lithium ion batteries could benefit from a theoretical model created at Rice University and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory that predicts how carbon components will perform as electrodes The model is based on intrinsic electronic characteristics ... - Read More
Researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a three dimensional silicon decorated cone shaped carbon nanotube cluster architecture for lithium ion battery anodes that could enable charging of portable ... - Read More
Images taken by Rice University scientists show that some diamonds are not forever The Rice researchers behind a new study that explains the creation of nanodiamonds in treated coal also show that some microscopic diamonds ... - Read More
Clouds play a critical role in Earth's climate Clouds also are the largest source of uncertainty in present climate models according to the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Much of the ... - Read More
For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed an ultrasound device that could help identify arterial plaque that is at high risk of breaking off and ... - Read More
Using nanodot technology Berkeley Lab researchers have demonstrated the first size based form of chromatography that can be used to study the membranes of living cells This unique physical approach to probing cellular membrane structures ... - Read More
Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More
Oxygen 16 one of the key elements of life on earth is produced by a series of reactions inside of red giant stars Now a team of physicists including one from North Carolina State University ... - Read More
Scientists have developed a new feedback method for optimizing the laser pulse shapes used in the control of chemical reactions In many ways traditional chemical synthesis is similar to cooking To alter the final product ... - Read More
Seeds from Moringa oleifera trees can be used to purify water Uppsala University leads a research group which has discovered that seed material can give a more efficient purification process than conventional synthetic materials in ... - Read More
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More
A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal organic framework MOF as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the design of new and improved MOFs for carbon ... - Read More
A new study demonstrates that electrical resistivity obeys a staircase like dependence on the conducting particle concentration in composite materials Composite materials are of increasing interest to physicists Typically they are made of electrically conducting ... - Read More
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More
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