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News articles about "Chemistry"

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Filmmaking magic with polymers

Polymers, Polymers, Polymers, polymers
Think about windows coated with transparent film that absorbs harmful ultraviolet sunrays and uses them to generate electricity Consider a water filtration membrane that blocks viruses and other microorganisms from water or an electric car ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide absorption in Antarctic seas

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean

Ocean, Ocean
A team of Spanish researchers coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council CSIC has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean They are using more than 2 000 samples of microorganisms collected ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

Moving Iron in Antarctica

Carbon, carbon
The seas around Antarctica can at times resemble a garden Large scale experiments where scientists spray iron into the waters literally fertilizing phytoplankton have created huge human made algal blooms Such geoengineering experiments produce diatoms ... - Read More

Chalking up a marine blooming alga: Genome fills a gap in the tree of life

marine, Marine
To World War II soldiers The White Cliffs of Dover was a morale boosting song that lifted spirits in dark times To geographers the white cliffs mark the point at which England is closest to ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Is a sleeping climate giant stirring in the Arctic?

Climate, climate
Flying low and slow above the wild pristine terrain of Alaska's North Slope in a specially instrumented NASA plane research scientist Charles Miller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif surveys the endless whiteness of ... - Read More

Wood not so green a biofuel? Logging may have greater impact on carbon emissions than previously thought

Green, Emissions
Using wood for energy is considered cleaner than fossil fuels but a Dartmouth College led study finds that logging may release large amounts of carbon stored in deep forest soils Global atmospheric studies often don't ... - Read More

Brown tide has emerged off Long Island, NY in Moriches, Quantuck and Shinnecock Bay, but not in Great South Bay

marine, Marine, cells, cells
A brown tide has emerged within some but not all of Long Island's south shore estuaries Monitoring by the Gobler Laboratory in the Stony Brook University School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences has revealed that ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

Bridge species drive tropical engine of biodiversity

Fossil
Although scientists have known since the middle of the 19th century that the tropics are teeming with species while the poles harbor relatively few the origin of the most dramatic and pervasive biodiversity on Earth ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More

The diabetes 'breathalyzer'

Glucose, Glucose
Diabetes patients often receive their diagnosis after a series of glucose related blood tests in hospital settings and then have to monitor their condition daily through expensive invasive methods But what if diabetes could be ... - Read More

New theory proposes solution to long-running debate as to how stable the Earth system is

System, Earth system, Solution
Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed an answer to the long running debate as to how stable the Earth system is Earth with its core driven magnetic field oceans of liquid water dynamic ... - Read More

Leakage of carbon from land to rivers, lakes, estuaries and coastal regions revealed

Carbon, carbon
When carbon is emitted by human activities into the atmosphere it is generally thought that about half remains in the atmosphere and the remainder is stored in the oceans and on land New research suggests ... - Read More

Testing artificial photosynthesis: Fully integrated microfluidic test-bed for solar-driven electrochemical energy conversion systems

Electrochemical, Photosynthesis
With the daily mean concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide having reached 400 parts per million for the first time in human history the need for carbon neutral alternatives to fossil fuel energy has never been ... - Read More

World's first large(wafer)-scale production of III-V semiconductor nanowire

Semiconductor, Semiconductor, Semiconductor
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST South Korea and University of Illinois U S A developed the large scale heteroepitaxial growth III V nanowires on a Si wafer The research team ... - Read More

Dance of the atoms: Clustering of atoms observed

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
Lone people standing in a ballroom don't tend to move a lot It's only when they find a suitable dance partner that rapid motion sets in Atoms on iron oxide surfaces behave in a similar ... - Read More
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