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News articles about "Chemistry"

Natural products discovery group asks for public's help with citizen science program

Natural products, Public
The University of Oklahoma Natural Products Discovery Group has taken an unconventional approach to finding new compounds with therapeutic relevance by launching a crowdsourcing initiative with citizen scientists from around the country With this approach ... - Read More

Rare new microbe found in two spacecraft clean rooms

NASA
A rare recently discovered microbe that survives on very little to eat has been found in two places on Earth spacecraft clean rooms in Florida and South America Microbiologists often do thorough surveys of bacteria ... - Read More

Floods didn't provide nitrogen 'fix' for earliest crops in frigid north

crops
Floods didn't make floodplains fertile during the dawn of human agriculture in Earth's far north because the waters were virtually devoid of nitrogen unlike other areas of the globe scientists have studied Instead the hardy ... - Read More

The next big thing in the energy sector: Photovoltaic generated DC electricity

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Energy consumption continues to grow The costs of generation and transmission of energy must come down for the increased consumption to be sustainable Energy must be generated without depleting resources without causing pollution and without ... - Read More

New antifungal composition effectively inhibits wide variety of fungi

In order to overcome resistance to antifungal variety of pathogenic fungi and yeast researchers from the University of Alicante have developed a novel and efficient antifungal composition with pharmacological applications in agriculture and food industry ... - Read More

Clean Air Act has led to improved water quality in the Chesapeake Bay watershed

Water, Water, Water
A new study shows that the reduction of pollution emissions from power plants in the mid Atlantic is making an impact on the quality of the water that ends up in the Chesapeake Bay The ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research

The researchers from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have shown that mixing plutonium contaminated waste with blast furnace slag and turning it into glass reduces its volume by 85 95 per cent It ... - Read More

New compact atomic clock design uses cold atoms to boost precision

Atomic
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have demonstrated a compact atomic clock design that relies on cold rubidium atoms instead of the usual hot atoms a switch that promises improved precision ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube jungles created to better detect molecules

molecules, Carbon nanotube
Researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH in Zurich have developed a new method of using nanotubes to detect molecules at extremely low concentrations enabling trace detection ... - Read More

Resistance Is Futile: Chemists Develop New Way to Kill Cancer Cells Resistant to the Chemotherapy Drug Cisplatin

cell organelles that generate energy These structures have their own DNA inherited only from the mother which is essential for mitochondrial function Because mitochondria are involved in apoptosis the researchers wanted to see whether they ... - Read More

Designer piercings: New membrane pores with DNA nanotechnology

A new way to build membrane crossing pores using Lego like DNA building blocks has been developed by scientists at UCL in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and the University of Southampton ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Geoengineering the climate could reduce vital rains

Climate, climate
Although a significant build up in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere would alter worldwide precipitation patterns a widely discussed technological approach to reduce future global warming would also interfere with rainfall and snowfall new research ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

When to invest in the right innovations at the right moment in a product's life cycle

When it comes to reducing the environmental impacts of products and services while maximizing profits firms sometimes invest in the wrong areas In Design for the Environment Life Cycle Approach Using a Newsvendor Model University ... - Read More
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