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News articles about "Chemistry"

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light

Synthesis, Synthesis , Natural products
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More

New material to enhance crop yield

Researchers at the UPM have developed a carbonaceous material from sewage sludge that when applied to soil can help to improve its quality The material is called biochar and was prepared and characterized by the ... - Read More

Nitrogen deposition poses threat to diversity of Europe's forest vegetation

nitrogen, Nitrogen
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More

Piece-by-piece approach to emissions policies can be effective, study finds

New analysis shows that policies addressing energy consumption and technology choices individually can play an important part in reducing emissions Discussions on curbing climate change tend to focus on comprehensive emissions focused measures a global ... - Read More

Lost freshwater may double climate change effects on agriculture

Agriculture, Freshwater
A warmer world is expected to have severe consequences for global agriculture and food supply reducing yields of major crops even as population and demand increases Now a new analysis combining climate agricultural and hydrological ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Ultrafast heating of water: This pot boils faster than you can watch it

Water, Water, Water
Scientists from the Hamburg Center for Free Electron Laser Science have devised a novel way to boil water in less than a trillionth of a second The theoretical concept which has not yet been demonstrated ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons an ice-melting coat for radar

Ice
Ribbons of ultrathin graphene combined with polyurethane paint meant for cars is just right for deicing sensitive military radar domes according to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour in collaboration ... - Read More

Cellulose nanocrystals possible 'green' wonder material

Cellulose, Green, nanocrystals
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More

Green innovator: Turning chicken feathers and plant fiber into eco-leather, bio-based circuit boards

Green
The Environmental Protection Agency has honored the University of Delaware's Richard Wool with its Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for his extensive work developing bio based materials to support the green energy infrastructure Wool was ... - Read More

SOFs take to water: First soluble 2-D supramolecular organic frameworks created

Water, Organic, Water, organic, Organic, Water
Supramolecular chemistry aka chemistry beyond the molecule in which molecules and molecular complexes are held together by non covalent bonds is just beginning to come into its own with the emergence of nanotechnology Metal organic ... - Read More

Ethanol blends carry hidden risk

Methane, Methane
Blending more ethanol into fuel to cut air pollution from vehicles carries a hidden risk that toxic or even explosive gases may find their way into buildings according to researchers at Rice University Those problems ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Nanoscale friction: High energy losses in the vicinity of charge density waves

Friction, Density
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More

Researchers split water into hydrogen, oxygen using light, nanoparticles

Oxygen
Researchers from the University of Houston have found a catalyst that can quickly generate hydrogen from water using sunlight potentially creating a clean and renewable source of energy Their research published online Sunday in Nature ... - Read More

POPUP: Novel organic solar cells

cells, cells
Future solar cells will be light and mechanically flexible They will be produced at low costs with the help of printing processes POPUP the new BMBF funded research project aims at developing more efficient materials ... - Read More

Researcher Studies Evolution on the Molecular Level

meaning that even in the bacteria the enzyme already has perfectly oriented the reactants in its active site as well as in the human enzyme This outcome was not expected as the human enzyme is ... - Read More

Risk assessment for pesticides in EU unsuitable for use in field

Risk assessment
The method used to approve pesticides in the EU needs to be revised This was confirmed by a recent study by the Institute for Environmental Sciences Landau According to the study the level of fungicides ... - Read More

A new material for solar panels could make them cheaper, more efficient

New material
A unique solar panel design made with a new ceramic material points the way to potentially providing sustainable power cheaper more efficiently and requiring less manufacturing time It also reaches a four decade old goal ... - Read More
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