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News articles about "Chemistry"

New discoveries show biological formation of oxygen in soils

Oxygen , biological
In the 1930s the ability of green plants to form oxygen through oxidation of water photosynthesis was discovered Since then no other large scale biological formation of oxygen has been found until now New research ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More

Turkeys inspire smartphone-capable early warning system for toxins

System
Some may think of turkeys as good for just lunch meat and holiday meals But bioengineers at the University of California Berkeley saw inspiration in the big birds for a new type of biosensor that ... - Read More

Study: Electric drive vehicles have little impact on US pollutant emissions

A new study from North Carolina State University indicates that even a sharp increase in the use of electric drive passenger vehicles EDVs by 2050 would not significantly reduce emissions of high profile air pollutants ... - Read More

E-whiskers: Highly sensitive tactile sensors developed for robotics and other applications

Applications
From the world of nanotechnology we've gotten electronic skin or e skin and electronic eye implants or e eyes Now we're on the verge of electronic whiskers Researchers with Berkeley Lab and the University of ... - Read More

Energy-dense sugar battery created

Battery, sugar
'Sugar is a perfect energy storage compound in nature ' Y H Percival Zhang said 'So it's only logical that we try to harness this natural power in an environmentally friendly way to produce a ... - Read More

A 21st Century Adaptation of the Miller-Urey Origin of Life Experiments

and the Tokyo Institute of Technology were also involved “Miller was hesitant to encourage people to repeat the experiment due to the risk of inducing an explosion ” said Parker explaining why his lab chose ... - Read More

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More

Biomedical engineer pursues development of five-dimensional imaging technology

Virginia Tech biomedical engineering faculty member Guohua Cao director of the X Ray Systems Laboratory is leading an effort to develop a new type of X ray scanner that is an unprecedented five dimensional technology ... - Read More

Lab-on-a-chip realizes potential

Lab-on-a-chip
A portable instrument that replaces a full size laboratory provides accurate multi element analysis in less than a minute Engineers from the A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering and colleagues at the University of ... - Read More

Soil production breaks geologic speed record

Earth, earth
Geologic time is shorthand for slow paced But new measurements from steep mountaintops in New Zealand show that rock can transform into soil more than twice as fast as previously believed possible The findings were ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide tamed: Making this ubiquitous gas industrially useful

Using a copper catalyst to unite carbon dioxide with organic molecules under mild conditions could make this ubiquitous gas industrially useful Carbon dioxide has become notorious as a troublesome greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil ... - Read More

Soil microbes alter DNA in response to warming

As scientists forecast the impacts of climate change one missing piece of the puzzle is what will happen to the carbon in the soil and the microbes that control the fate of this carbon as ... - Read More

Poison-breathing bacteria may be boon to industry, environment

Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property they breathe a toxic metal to survive Researchers from the ... - Read More

'Standing on a comet': Rosetta mission will contribute to space weather research

A comet bound spacecraft that's been in sleep mode for more than two years is scheduled to wake up on the morning of Jan 20 beginning the home stretch of its decade long journey to ... - Read More

Novel technology reveals aerodynamics of migrating birds flying in a V-formation

Time
Researchers using custom built GPS and accelerometer loggers developed with funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council EPSRC and attached to free flying birds on migration have gained ground breaking insights into the ... - Read More

Loss of biodiversity limits toxin degradation

You might not think of microbes when you consider biodiversity but it turns out that even a moderate loss of less than 5% of soil microbes may compromise some key ecosystem functions and could lead ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube sponge shows improved water clean-up

A carbon nanotube sponge capable of soaking up water contaminants such as fertilisers pesticides and pharmaceuticals more than three times more efficiently than previous efforts has been presented in a new study published today The ... - Read More

Refined model for reliable prediction of invasion dynamics

Dynamics
The question how rapidly animals plants or microorganisms can colonize new territories is not only of interest to ecologists the spread of invasive species can also have economic consequences e g in the agricultural sector ... - Read More

Novel technology reveals aerodynamics of birds flying in a V-formation

Time
Researchers using custom built GPS and accelerometer loggers developed with funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council EPSRC and attached to free flying birds on migration have gained ground breaking insights into the ... - Read More
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