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News articles about "Chemistry"

Engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Similar to using Python or Java to write code for a computer chemists soon could be able to use a structured set of instructions to program how DNA molecules interact in a test tube or ... - Read More

Zinc, Proteins, and an Essential Cellular Balancing Act

a single celled fungus Yeast can adapt to both shortages and excesses of zinc says MacDiarmid an associate scientist Zinc is an essential nutrient but if there's too much it's toxic The issue for the ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered

Nitrogen fertilizer costs U S farmers approximately $8 billion each year and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams damaging the delicate water systems Now a discovery by a team of University ... - Read More

Bright, laser-based lighting devices

Laser, Laser
As a modern culture we crave artificial white lights the brighter the better and ideally using less energy than ever before To meet the ever escalating demand for more lighting in more places and to ... - Read More

Wagon-wheel pasta shape for better LED lights

Light, Light
One problem in developing more efficient organic LED light bulbs and displays for TVs and phones is that much of the light is polarized in one direction and thus trapped within the light emitting diode ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance in agricultural environments: A call to action

Antibiotic resistant pathogens are an emerging critical human health issue The World Health Organization WHO has declared antibiotic resistance as a top health issue worldwide Two million Americans are infected each year with diseases resistant ... - Read More

Dams provide resilience to Columbia River basin from climate change impacts

Dams have been vilified for detrimental effects to water quality and fish passage but a new study suggests that these structures provide ecological and engineering resilience to climate change in the Columbia River basin The ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Investigating mercury pollution in Indonesia

Professor Takanobu Inoue of Toyohashi Tech's Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering has been conducting field surveys of mercury poisoning in Indonesia for over a decade His findings have serious implications and the situation is ... - Read More

Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?

Bacteria, bacteria
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters According to a report written by scientists from the ... - Read More

Earth's history to be rewritten: Oxygen appeared 700 million years earlier than previously thought

Until now science has believed that oxygen in Earth's atmosphere has been around for roughly 2.3 billion years or roughly half way back along our planet's 4.6 billion year timeline However new research results provide ... - Read More

Steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected

Environment
Assessing the risk posed to aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical products into waterways is often based on a belief that as the compounds degrade the ecological risks naturally decline But ... - Read More

Water glides freely across 'nanodrapes' made from the world's thinnest material

Material, Material
Engineering researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new drape made from graphene the thinnest material known to science which can enhance the water resistant properties of materials with rough surfaces These nanodrapes are ... - Read More

Breaking Bad's Addictive Chemistry

and a huge part of the show’s appeal As Pinkman exclaims during an episode of the show’s first season “Yeah Science ” Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

Methane Out, Carbon Dioxide In?

A University of Virginia engineering professor has proposed a novel approach for keeping waste carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere Andres Clarens an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at U Va ’s School ... - Read More

Tapping a valuable resource or invading the environment? Research examines the start of fracking in Ohio

Environment
A new study is examining methane and other components in groundwater wells in advance of drilling for shale gas that's expected over the next several years in an Ohio region Amy Townsend Small a University ... - Read More

Chemical synthesis: A simple technique for highly functionalized compounds

Synthesis, Compounds
Researchers at Kanazawa University have demonstrated a technique that allows direct functionalization of alkenes without the need for metallic reagents photolysis or extreme reaction conditions The addition of functional groups to certain unsaturated hydrocarbons known ... - Read More

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Light, Light
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared IR spectrum The identification of molecules by sensing their unique ... - Read More
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