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News articles about "Chemistry"

Engineers solve a biological mystery and boost artificial intelligence

Engineering
By simulating 25 000 generations of evolution within computers Cornell University engineering and robotics researchers have discovered why biological networks tend to be organized as modules a finding that will lead to a deeper understanding ... - Read More

Tomorrow's life-saving medications may currently be living at the bottom of the sea

OHSU researchers in partnership with scientists from several other institutions have published two new research papers that signal how the next class of powerful medications may currently reside at the bottom of the ocean In ... - Read More

Antarctic lake beneath the ice sheet tested

Water, Water
In a first of its kind feat of science and engineering a National Science Foundation NSF funded research team has successfully drilled through 800 meters 2 600 feet of Antarctic ice to reach a subglacial ... - Read More

New options for transparent contact electrodes

Materials
Found in flat screens solar modules or in new organic light emitting diode LED displays transparent electrodes have become ubiquitous Typically they consist of metal oxides like In2O3 SnO2 ZnO and TiO2 Share This See ... - Read More

Scientists trick iron-eating bacteria into breathing electrons instead

Scientists have developed a way to grow iron oxidizing bacteria using electricity instead of iron an advance that will allow them to better study the organisms and could one day be used to turn electricity ... - Read More

Irrigation in California's Central Valley intensifies rainfall, storms across the Southwest

Water, Water
Agricultural irrigation in California's Central Valley doubles the amount of water vapor pumped into the atmosphere ratcheting up rainfall and powerful monsoons across the interior Southwest according to a new study by UC Irvine scientists ... - Read More

Shedding light on role of Amazon forests in global carbon cycle

Light, Carbon
Earth's forests perform a well known service to the planet absorbing a great deal of the carbon dioxide pollution emitted into the atmosphere from human activities But when trees are killed by natural disturbances such ... - Read More

Nanophotonics enables new kind of optical spectrometer

Spectrometer, Nanophotonics
By bringing nanophotonics technology to traditional optical spectroscopy a new kind of optical spectrometer with functions of sensing and spectral measurement has been recently demonstrated by a research team at The University of Alabama in ... - Read More

Safer way to vaccinate? Polymer film that gradually releases DNA coding for viral proteins may beat traditional vaccines

DNA, Proteins, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, Proteins
Vaccines usually consist of inactivated viruses that prompt the immune system to remember the invader and launch a strong defense if it later encounters the real thing However this approach can be too risky with ... - Read More

Bugs in the Atmosphere: Significant microorganism populations found in middle and upper troposphere

Microorganism
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind researchers used genomic techniques to document the presence of significant numbers of living microorganisms principally bacteria in the middle and upper troposphere that ... - Read More

'Scarecrow' gene: Key to efficient crops, could lead to staple crops with much higher yields

Gene
With projections of 9.5 billion people by 2050 humankind faces the challenge of feeding modern diets to additional mouths while using the same amounts of water fertilizer and arable land as today Share This See ... - Read More

A Material That Most Liquids Won't Wet

chemicals used in refrigerators and air conditioners In Tuteja's lab in a demonstration the surface repelled coffee soy sauce and vegetable oil as well as toxic hydrochloric and sulfuric acids that could burn skin Tuteja ... - Read More

Central Valley irrigation intensifies rainfall, storms across the Southwest

Water, Water
Agricultural irrigation in California's Central Valley doubles the amount of water vapor pumped into the atmosphere ratcheting up rainfall and powerful monsoons across the interior Southwest according to a new study by UC Irvine scientists ... - Read More

Mysteries of spider silk strength unraveled

Materials, Properties
Scientists at ASU are celebrating their recent success on the path to understanding what makes the fiber that spiders spin weight for weight at least five times as strong as piano wire They have found ... - Read More

Accelerating neutral atoms on a table top

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
Charged particle accelerators have become crucially important to modern day life be it in health care for cancer treatment or for answering important fundamental scientific questions like the existence of the HIGGS boson the so ... - Read More

Evolution inspires more efficient solar cell design: Geometric pattern maximizes time light is trapped

Light
The sun's energy is virtually limitless but harnessing its electricity with today's single crystal silicon solar cells is extremely expensive 10 times pricier than coal according to some estimates Organic solar cells polymer solar cells ... - Read More

Chemical reactions: How some non-metal compounds mimic the behavior of their metal-based counterparts

chemical, Reactions
The research team led by Academy Research Fellow Heikki M Tuononen has been able to identify the mechanism which enables some non metal compounds to mimic the reactivity of their metal based counterparts Chemical reactivity ... - Read More

Evolution inspires more efficient solar cell design: Geometric pattern maximizes time light is trapped in solar cell

cell, cell
The sun's energy is virtually limitless but harnessing its electricity with today's single crystal silicon solar cells is extremely expensive 10 times pricier than coal according to some estimates Organic solar cells polymer solar cells ... - Read More

Hailstones reveal life in a storm cloud

Public
It isn't life on Mars but researchers have found a rich diversity of microbial life and chemicals in the ephemeral habitat of a storm cloud according to a study published January 23 in the open ... - Read More

Liquid metal makes silicon crystals at record low temperatures

American Chemical Society
A new way of making crystalline silicon developed by U M researchers could make this crucial ingredient of computers and solar cells much cheaper and greener Share This See Also Graphene Inorganic Chemistry Spintronics Electronics ... - Read More
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