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News articles about "Chemistry"

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research

The researchers from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have shown that mixing plutonium contaminated waste with blast furnace slag and turning it into glass reduces its volume by 85 95 per cent It ... - Read More

New compact atomic clock design uses cold atoms to boost precision

Atomic
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have demonstrated a compact atomic clock design that relies on cold rubidium atoms instead of the usual hot atoms a switch that promises improved precision ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube jungles created to better detect molecules

molecules, Carbon nanotube
Researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH in Zurich have developed a new method of using nanotubes to detect molecules at extremely low concentrations enabling trace detection ... - Read More

Resistance Is Futile: Chemists Develop New Way to Kill Cancer Cells Resistant to the Chemotherapy Drug Cisplatin

cell organelles that generate energy These structures have their own DNA inherited only from the mother which is essential for mitochondrial function Because mitochondria are involved in apoptosis the researchers wanted to see whether they ... - Read More

Designer piercings: New membrane pores with DNA nanotechnology

A new way to build membrane crossing pores using Lego like DNA building blocks has been developed by scientists at UCL in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and the University of Southampton ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Geoengineering the climate could reduce vital rains

Climate, climate
Although a significant build up in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere would alter worldwide precipitation patterns a widely discussed technological approach to reduce future global warming would also interfere with rainfall and snowfall new research ... - Read More

Is global heating hiding out in the oceans? Parts of Pacific warming 15 times faster than in past 10,000 years

Oceans
A recent slowdown in global warming has led some skeptics to renew their claims that industrial carbon emissions are not causing a century long rise in Earth's surface temperatures But rather than letting humans off ... - Read More

When to invest in the right innovations at the right moment in a product's life cycle

When it comes to reducing the environmental impacts of products and services while maximizing profits firms sometimes invest in the wrong areas In Design for the Environment Life Cycle Approach Using a Newsvendor Model University ... - Read More

Physicists take an atomic-level peek at unexpected behavior in multilayered structures

Atomic
A new class of materials developed at the University of Arkansas may influence the next generation of nano devices in which integrated circuits are composed of many layers of dissimilar materials such as ferromagnetic and ... - Read More

Breakthrough research produces brighter, more efficiently produced lighting

Light, Light
By determining simple guidelines researchers at UC Santa Barbara's Solid State Lighting & amp Energy Center SSLEC have made it possible to optimize phosphors a key component in white LED lighting allowing for brighter more ... - Read More

Warming will disturb balance of soil nutrients in drylands, make drylands less productive

Phosphorus, Nitrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus
An increase in aridity due to global warming will disturb the balance of nutrients in the soil and reduce productivity of the world's drylands which support millions of people a landmark study predicts The research ... - Read More

Staggering turbines improves performance 33%

Ocean, Ocean
Research into the best ways to arrange wind turbines has produced staggering results quite literally The University of Delaware's Cristina Archer and her Atmosphere and Energy Research Group found that staggering and spacing out turbines ... - Read More

New forensic technique for identifying cloth fibers

Crime scene investigators may soon have a new tool to help them catch evildoers Researchers have demonstrated the proof of principle for a new forensic technique to identify individual fibers of cloth which often all ... - Read More

Recycling valuable materials used in TVs, car batteries, cell phones

Many of today's technologies from hybrid car batteries to flat screen televisions rely on materials known as rare earth elements REEs that are in short supply but scientists are reporting development of a new method ... - Read More

Go ahead, dunk your cell phone in salt water

Barrier films used in everything from food and drug packaging to consumer electronics and solar cells help prevent your food from spoiling help to preserve medication and protect your electronics from damage due to exposure ... - Read More

Incurable brain cancer gene silenced: Gene regulation technology increases survival rates in mice with glioblastoma

Gene, Gene
Glioblastoma multiforme GBM the brain cancer that killed Sen Edward Kennedy and kills approximately 13 000 Americans a year is aggressive and incurable Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to demonstrate delivery ... - Read More

Toxic ocean conditions during major extinction 93.9 million years ago quantified: Doesn't take much sulfide to impact ocean life

Ocean, Ocean
Oxygen in the atmosphere and ocean rose dramatically about 600 million years ago coinciding with the first proliferation of animal life Since then numerous short lived biotic events typically marked by significant climatic perturbations took ... - Read More

Paleontologist presents origin of life theory

Earth, earth
It has baffled humans for millennia how did life begin on planet Earth Now new research from a Texas Tech University paleontologist suggests it may have rained from the skies and started in the bowels ... - Read More
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