Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More
Hacking Earth's climate to counteract global warming a subject that elicits strong reactions from both sides is the topic of a December special issue of the journal Climatic Change A dozen research papers include the ... - Read More
Proteins are basic building blocks of life The chemistry and structure of proteins are essential for their biological function Indeed the structure of proteins determines their mechanical and catalytic properties e g enzymes Such functions ... - Read More
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More
Researchers at the UPM have developed a carbonaceous material from sewage sludge that when applied to soil can help to improve its quality The material is called biochar and was prepared and characterized by the ... - Read More
Unless nitrogen emissions are curbed the diversity of plant communities in Europe's forests will decrease Atmospheric nitrogen deposition has already changed the number and richness of forest floor vegetation species in European forests over the ... - Read More
New analysis shows that policies addressing energy consumption and technology choices individually can play an important part in reducing emissions Discussions on curbing climate change tend to focus on comprehensive emissions focused measures a global ... - Read More
A warmer world is expected to have severe consequences for global agriculture and food supply reducing yields of major crops even as population and demand increases Now a new analysis combining climate agricultural and hydrological ... - Read More
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More
Scientists from the Hamburg Center for Free Electron Laser Science have devised a novel way to boil water in less than a trillionth of a second The theoretical concept which has not yet been demonstrated ... - Read More
Ribbons of ultrathin graphene combined with polyurethane paint meant for cars is just right for deicing sensitive military radar domes according to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour in collaboration ... - Read More
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More
The Environmental Protection Agency has honored the University of Delaware's Richard Wool with its Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award for his extensive work developing bio based materials to support the green energy infrastructure Wool was ... - Read More
Supramolecular chemistry aka chemistry beyond the molecule in which molecules and molecular complexes are held together by non covalent bonds is just beginning to come into its own with the emergence of nanotechnology Metal organic ... - Read More
Blending more ethanol into fuel to cut air pollution from vehicles carries a hidden risk that toxic or even explosive gases may find their way into buildings according to researchers at Rice University Those problems ... - Read More
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More
In collaboration with the University of Basel an international team of researchers has observed a strong energy loss caused by frictional effects in the vicinity of charge density waves This may have practical significance in ... - Read More
Researchers from the University of Houston have found a catalyst that can quickly generate hydrogen from water using sunlight potentially creating a clean and renewable source of energy Their research published online Sunday in Nature ... - Read More
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