All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Chemistry"

Breakthrough simplifies design of gels for food, cosmetics and biomedicine

Scientists at the University of Strathclyde and City University of New York have created methods that dramatically simplify the discovery of biological gels for food cosmetics and biomedicine as published in the journal Nature Chemistry ... - Read More

Link between power lines, ill-health called into question

New evidence suggesting that power lines and mobile phones do not cause physical harm to humans has been found by researchers at The University of Manchester Several past studies have suggested that the magnetic fields ... - Read More

Earth's most abundant mineral finally has a name

An ancient meteorite and high energy X rays have helped scientists conclude a half century of effort to find identify and characterize a mineral that makes up 38 percent of the Earth And in doing ... - Read More

Detecting gases wirelessly, cheaply

MIT chemists have devised a new way to wirelessly detect hazardous gases and environmental pollutants using a simple sensor that can be read by a smartphone These inexpensive sensors could be widely deployed making it ... - Read More

No laughing matter: Nitrous oxide rose at end of last ice age

Nitrous oxide N2O is an important greenhouse gas that doesn't receive as much notoriety as carbon dioxide or methane but a new study confirms that atmospheric levels of N2O rose significantly as the Earth came ... - Read More

NASA study shows 13-year record of drying Amazon caused vegetation declines

A 13 year decline in vegetation in the eastern and southeastern Amazon has been linked to a decade long rainfall decline in the region a new NASA funded study finds With global climate models projecting ... - Read More

Sampling rivers for genes rather than organisms

Effective environmental management depends on a detailed knowledge of the distribution of species But taxonomists are in short supply and some species can be difficult to identify even for experts Eawag in collaboration with Canton ... - Read More

New model to predict the thermal performance of vegetal façades

After years of monitoring different experimental buildings a group of researchers from the School of Architecture of Universidad Politécnica de Madrid has developed a model that can estimate the thermal performance of vegetal façades regarding ... - Read More

Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon

he entire semiconductor industry not to mention Silicon Valley is built on the propensity of electrons in silicon to get kicked out of their atomic shells and become free These mobile electrons are routed and ... - Read More

Abandoned wells can be 'super-emitters' of greenhouse gas

Princeton University researchers have uncovered a previously unknown and possibly substantial source of the greenhouse gas methane to Earth's atmosphere After testing a sample of abandoned oil and natural gas wells in northwestern Pennsylvania the ... - Read More

Defects are perfect in laser-induced graphene

Researchers at Rice University have created flexible patterned sheets of multilayer graphene from a cheap polymer by burning it with a computer controlled laser The process works in air at room temperature and eliminates the ... - Read More

'Smart windows' have potential to keep heat out and save energy

Windows allow brilliant natural light to stream into homes and buildings Along with light comes heat that in warm weather we often counter with energy consuming air conditioning Now scientists are developing a new kind ... - Read More

New insights into predicting future droughts in California: Natural cycles, sea surface temperatures found to be main drivers in ongoing event

According to a new NOAA sponsored study natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought A high pressure ridge off the West Coast typical of historic droughts prevailed for three ... - Read More

Caribbean gorgonian corals are resistant to ocean acidification

A new study on tropical shallow water soft corals known as gorgonians found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations These results suggest that Caribbean gorgonian corals may ... - Read More

Composite materials can be designed in a supercomputer 'virtual lab'

UCL scientists have shown how advanced computer simulations can be used to design new composite materials Nanocomposites which are widely used in industry are revolutionary materials in which microscopic particles are dispersed through plastics But ... - Read More

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

Fracking and pollution: Technology-dependent emissions of gas extraction in the US

Not all boreholes are the same Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT used mobile measurement equipment to analyze gaseous compounds emitted by the extraction of oil and natural gas in the USA For ... - Read More

Complementary light switchable proteins and superresolution reveal moving protein complexes in live cells at single molecule level

Cells are restless They move during embryogenesis tissue repair regeneration chemotaxis Even in disease tumor metastasis cells get around To do this they have to keep reorganizing their cytoskeleton removing pieces from one end of ... - Read More

Drugs in the environment affect plant growth

By assessing the impacts of a range of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs the research has shown that the growth of edible crops can be affected by these chemicals even at the very low concentrations ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More
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