For some 5 000 years cultivated silkworms have been spinning luxurious white silk fibers destined for use in the finest clothing But current dyeing practices produce wastewater that contains potentially harmful toxins so scientists are ... - Read More
Loofahs best known for their use in exfoliating skin to soft radiant perfection have emerged as a new potential tool to advance sustainability efforts on two fronts at the same time energy and waste The ... - Read More
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More
Experimental evidence and computer simulations suggest how to grow structures with the best trade offs between three desired characteristics strength flexibility and the ability to dissipate heat When engineers design devices they must often join ... - Read More
Tiny bits of plastic trash could spell big trouble for marine life starting with the worms say a team of researchers from Plymouth University and the University of Exeter who report their evidence in a ... - Read More
A chemical system developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago can efficiently perform the first step in the process of creating syngas gasoline and other energy rich products out of carbon dioxide ... - Read More
Nanosponges that soak up a dangerous pore forming toxin produced by MRSA methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus could serve as a safe and effective vaccine against this toxin This nanosponge vaccine enabled the immune systems of ... - Read More
With the help of a new method called dual electrode photoelectrochemistry University of Oregon scientists have provided new insight into how solar water splitting cells work An important and overlooked parameter they report is the ... - Read More
Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I UJI have developed a new catalyst for the activation of carbon fluorine bonds This process has many industrial applications among which stands out the possibility to be used to ... - Read More
When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges Improbable as it may seem these tiny hits of energy eventually power the ... - Read More
University of Toronto researchers have developed a series of techniques to create a variety of very active iron based catalysts necessary to produce the alcohols and amines used in the drug and perfume industry The ... - Read More
When a chair leg breaks or a cell phone shatters either must be repaired or replaced But what if these materials could be programmed to regenerate themselves replenishing the damaged or missing components and thereby ... - Read More
Mix together air fuel and heat and you get combustion the chemical reaction that powers most engines in planes trains and automobiles And if you throw in some ionized gas plasma it turns out you ... - Read More
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More
Rain as acidic as undiluted lemon juice may have played a part in killing off plants and organisms around the world during the most severe mass extinction in Earth's history About 252 million years ago ... - Read More
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More
Copper adorns the Statue of Liberty makes sturdy affordable wiring and helps our bodies absorb iron Now researchers at Duke University would like to use copper to transform sunlight and water into a chemical fuel ... - Read More
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