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News articles about "cells"

Oxygen 'sponge' presents path to better catalysts, energy materials

Catalysts
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new oxygen sponge that can easily absorb or shed oxygen atoms at low temperatures Materials with these novel characteristics would be useful ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

New rechargeable flow battery could enable cheaper, more efficient energy storage

Battery
MIT researchers have engineered a new rechargeable flow battery that doesn't rely on expensive membranes to generate and store electricity The device they say may one day enable cheaper large scale energy storage The palm ... - Read More

Nanosensors could aid drug manufacturing

Nanosensors
MIT chemical engineers have discovered that arrays of billions of nanoscale sensors have unique properties that could help pharmaceutical companies produce drugs especially those based on antibodies more safely and efficiently Using these sensors the ... - Read More

Sticking power of plant polyphenols used in new coatings

A simple kitchen sink experiment helped Northwestern University researchers discover that green tea leaves not only can be used to steep a good cup of tea but they make an excellent antibacterial coating too And ... - Read More

3-D graphene: Solar cells' new platinum?

cells, cells
One of the most promising types of solar cells has a few drawbacks A scientist at Michigan Technological University may have overcome one of them Dye sensitized solar cells are thin flexible easy to make ... - Read More

Drug delivery: Why gold nanoparticles can penetrate cell walls

Cells are very good at protecting their precious contents and as a result it's very difficult to penetrate their membrane walls to deliver drugs nutrients or biosensors without damaging or destroying the cell One effective ... - Read More

Regulating electron 'spin' may be key to making organic solar cells competitive

cells, cells
Organic solar cells a new class of solar cell that mimics the natural process of plant photosynthesis could revolutionise renewable energy but currently lack the efficiency to compete with the more costly commercial silicon cells ... - Read More

Synthetic polymers enable cheap, efficient, durable alkaline fuel cells

Synthetic polymers, Fuel, Fuel cells
A new cost effective polymer membrane can decrease the cost of alkaline batteries and fuel cells by allowing the replacement of expensive platinum catalysts without sacrificing important aspects of performance according to Penn State researchers ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

Plastic solar cells' new design promises bright future

Plastic, Plastic, cells, cells
Energy consumption is growing rapidly in the 21st century with rising energy costs and sustainability issues greatly impacting the quality of human life Harvesting energy directly from sunlight to generate electricity using photovoltaic technologies is ... - Read More

Researchers use nanoparticles to fight cancer

Researchers at the University of Georgia are developing a new treatment technique that uses nanoparticles to reprogram immune cells so they are able to recognize and attack cancer The findings were published recently in the ... - Read More

Chemists' Work Will Aid Drug Design to Target Cancer and Inflammatory Disease

Released 8 8 2013 8 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Indiana University more news from this source Aug 9 2013 BLOOMINGTON Ind Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have produced detailed descriptions of the structure and molecular ... - Read More

Pollutants from incense smoke cause human lung-cell inflammation

Burning incense a popular cultural practice in many parts of the world generates indoor air pollutants that may cause inflammation in human lung cells say researchers in the Gillings School of Global Public Health at ... - Read More

Bio-inspired design may lead to more energy efficient windows

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
University of Toronto Engineering professor Ben Hatton MSE is turning to nature to find a way to make windows more energy efficient In a recent article in Solar Energy Materials & amp Solar Cells Hatton ... - Read More

Bio-imaging: Probing for deeper diagnostics

Multi armed polymers with dual fluorescent and magnetic imaging capabilities boost the resolution of cancer detection tools Molecular probes that selectively latch onto tumor cells and emit imaging signals can detect cancer without invasive procedures ... - Read More

Cobalt replacements make solar cells more sustainable

Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully replaced the rare element iodine in copper based dye sensitized solar cells by the more abundant element cobalt taking a step forward in the development of environmentally ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More
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