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News articles about "cells"

Algae and bacteria in sea ice are important for the carbon budgets of frozen oceans

sea, Ice, Oceans
Underneath the pristine snow cover of the Arctic and Antarctic pack ice there is a community of microscopic algae and bacteria that thrive within the ice itself These ice organisms are adapted to growing on ... - Read More

Pea-shooter for molecules: Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds

molecules
Like a pea going through a straw tiny molecules can pass through microscopic cylinders known as nanotubes This could potentially be used to select molecules according to size for example to purify water by allowing ... - Read More

Molecular structure reveals how HIV infects cells

molecular structure
In a long awaited finding a team of Chinese and US scientists has determined the high resolution atomic structure of a cell surface receptor that most strains of HIV use to get into human immune ... - Read More

Toward a truly white organic LED: Physicists develop polymer with tunable colors

Polymer
By inserting platinum atoms into an organic semiconductor University of Utah physicists were able to tune the plastic like polymer to emit light of different colors a step toward more efficient less expensive and truly ... - Read More

The '50-50' chip: Memory device of the future? Material built from aluminum and antimony shows promise for next-generation data-storage devices

Material, Material
A new environmentally friendly electronic alloy consisting of 50 aluminum atoms bound to 50 atoms of antimony may be promising for building next generation phase change memory devices which may be the data storage technology ... - Read More

Cilantro, That Favorite Salsa Ingredient, Purifies Drinking Water

shows promise as a much needed new “biosorbent” for removing lead and other potentially toxic heavy metals from contaminated water “Cilantro may seem too pricey for use in decontaminating large amounts of water for drinking ... - Read More

Accidental nanoparticle discovery could hail revolution in manufacturing

A nanoparticle shaped like a spiky ball with magnetic properties has been uncovered in a new method of synthesising carbon nanotubes by physicists at Queen Mary University of London and the University of Kent Carbon ... - Read More

General in the Solar Army to High School and College Students: 'We Are Recruiting'

High school and college students got a recruiting call today to join the Solar Army and help solve one of the 21st century's greatest scientific challenges finding the dirt cheap ingredients that would make sunlight ... - Read More

Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble

Gel
A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt The self ... - Read More

Genome of elastomeric materials creates novel materials

Materials, materials
A wide range of biologically inspired materials may now be possible by combining protein studies materials science and RNA sequencing according to an international team of researchers Biological methods of synthesizing materials are not new ... - Read More

Scientists demonstrate new method for harvesting energy from light

Light, Light
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have demonstrated a new mechanism for extracting energy from light a finding that could improve technologies for generating electricity from solar energy and lead to more efficient optoelectronic devices ... - Read More

Electronic Shrink Wrap for the Heart and Other Topics at the American Chemical Society Meeting

Electronic sutures that monitor surgical incisions for healing and infection Electronic films that cling to the heart like shrink wrap monitoring and regulating the heartbeat and alerting the patient and cardiologist when medical attention is ... - Read More

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles

Ocean, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, Ocean, climate
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide nitrogen and phosphorus Plankton plays an important role in the ocean's carbon cycle by removing ... - Read More

New connection between stacked solar cells can handle energy of 70,000 suns

cells, cells
North Carolina State University researchers have come up with a new technique for improving the connections between stacked solar cells which should improve the overall efficiency of solar energy devices and reduce the cost of ... - Read More

Shining a little light changes metal into semiconductor

Light, Light
By blending their expertise two materials science engineers at Washington University in St Louis changed the electronic properties of new class of materials just by exposing it to light This image shows how electrons in ... - Read More

Bismuth-carrying nanotubes show promise for CT scans

cells, cells
Scientists at Rice University have trapped bismuth in a nanotube cage to tag stem cells for X ray tracking Bismuth is probably best known as the active element in a popular stomach settling elixir and ... - Read More

A New Approach to Early Diagnosis of Influenza

is especially important for flu which causes widespread illness and an average of 36 000 deaths annually in the United States alone “Just going to the doctor’s office or hospital for diagnosis can be counterproductive ... - Read More

Deep-ocean carbon sinks: Basic research on dark ocean microorganisms

Ocean, Ocean
Although microbes that live in the so called dark ocean below a depth of some 600 feet where light doesn't penetrate may not absorb enough carbon to curtail global warming they do absorb considerable amounts ... - Read More

DNA 'cages' may aid drug delivery

Drug delivery
Nanoscale cages made from strands of DNA can encapsulate small molecule drugs and release them in response to a specific stimulus McGill University researchers report in a new study The research published online Sept 1 ... - Read More

Solar cell performance improves with ion-conducting polymer

Polymer
Researchers at Stockholm's KTH Royal Institute of Technology have found a way to make dye sensitized solar cells more energy efficient and longer lasting Drawing their inspiration from photosynthesis dye sensitized solar cells offer the ... - Read More
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