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News articles about "cells"

Chemical Signaling Simulates Exercise in Cartilage Cells

Released 1 9 2014 1 00 PM ESTEmbargo expired 1 13 2014 3 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Duke Medicine more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations AR48182 AR50245 ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

Researchers develop artificial bone marrow; May be used to reproduce hematopoietic stem cells

cells, cells, cells, cells
Artificial bone marrow may be used to reproduce hematopoietic stem cells A prototype has now been developed by scientists of KIT the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems Stuttgart and Tübingen University The porous structure ... - Read More

Ahoy! First ocean vesicles spotted

Ocean, Ocean
Marine cyanobacteria tiny ocean plants that produce oxygen and make organic carbon using sunlight and CO2 are primary engines of Earth's biogeochemical and nutrient cycles They nourish other organisms through the provision of oxygen and ... - Read More

An improved, cost-effective catalyst for water-splitting devices

Solar energy appears to be the only form of renewable that can be exploited at level that matches the world's growing needs However it is equally necessary to find efficient ways to store solar energy ... - Read More

Supercomputers join search for 'cheapium': Brute force computing used to find new materials

In the search for cheaper materials that mimic their purer more expensive counterparts researchers are abandoning hunches and intuition for theoretical models and pure computing power In a new study researchers from Duke University's Pratt ... - Read More

Simple, cheap way to increase solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More

Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy

Battery, Renewable energy, Renewable
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid making power from renewable energy sources such as wind ... - Read More

New technique targets specific areas of cancer cells with different drugs

Researchers have developed a technique for creating nanoparticles that carry two different cancer killing drugs into the body and deliver those drugs to separate parts of the cancer cell where they will be most effective ... - Read More

On-demand vaccines possible with engineered nanoparticles

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
Vaccines combat diseases and protect populations from outbreaks but the life saving technology leaves room for improvement Vaccines usually are made en masse in centralized locations far removed from where they will be used They ... - Read More

Innovative screening strategy swiftly uncovers new drug candidates, new biology

Biology, biology, Biology
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI have demonstrated a drug discovery strategy with a double payoff it enables the rapid selection of chemical compounds that have a desired effect on cells and also highlights ... - Read More

Polymer coatings based on molecular structures

Polymer
A novel method developed by researchers from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT and Jacobs University Bremen enables manufacturing of polymer layers with tailor made properties and multiple functions A stable porous gel SURGEL for biological ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

Greek economic crisis leads to air pollution crisis

In the midst of a winter cold snap a study from researchers in the United States and Greece reveals an overlooked side effect of economic crisis dangerous air quality caused by burning cheaper fuel for ... - Read More

Graphene sees the light: Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could be used in photovoltaic cells

Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could make effective transparent electrodes in certain types of photovoltaic cells Graphene a one atom thick sheet of carbon that is extremely strong and conducts electricity well is ... - Read More

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light

Synthesis, Synthesis , Natural products
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More

Researchers develop advanced 3D 'force microscope'

Membrane proteins are the gatekeepers that allow information and molecules to pass into and out of a cell Until recently the microscopic study of these complex proteins has been restricted due to limitations of force ... - Read More

DNA motor 'walks' along nanotube, transports tiny particle

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Researchers have created a new type of molecular motor made of DNA and demonstrated its potential by using it to transport a nanoparticle along the length of a carbon nanotube The design was inspired by ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More
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