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News articles about "cell"

New plant protein discoveries could ease global food and fuel demands

Fuel
New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests increase salt and drought tolerance control water loss and store sugar can have profound implications for ... - Read More

Silicone liquid crystal stiffens with repeated compression: Discovery may point toward self-healing materials

Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Silicone, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Silicone, Silicone, Silicone, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal, Crystal
Squeeze a piece of silicone and it quickly returns to its original shape as squishy as ever But scientists at Rice University have discovered that the liquid crystal phase of silicone becomes 90 percent stiffer ... - Read More

Researchers 'capture' replication of human genome for first time

The Genomic Instability Group led by researcher Óscar Fernández Capetillo at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre CNIO has for the first time obtained a panoramic photo of the proteins that take part in human ... - Read More

Comparing proteins at a glance: Technique for easy comparisons of proteins in solution

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
A revolutionary X ray analytical technique that enables researchers at a glance to identify structural similarities and differences between multiple proteins under a variety of conditions has been developed by researchers with the U S ... - Read More

Bold move forward in molecular analyses

Molecular, molecular
A dramatic leap forward in the ability of scientists to study the structural states of macromolecules such as proteins and nanoparticles in solution has been achieved by a pair of researchers with the U S ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Just what makes that little old ant… change a flower's nectar content?

sugar
Ants play a variety of important roles in many ecosystems As frequent visitors to flowers they can benefit plants in their role as pollinators when they forage on sugar rich nectar However a new study ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

Special E. coli bacteria produce diesel on demand

Bacteria, bacteria
It sounds like science fiction but a team from the University of Exeter with support from Shell has developed a method to make bacteria produce diesel on demand While the technology still faces many significant ... - Read More

The Human Immune System in Space

When the space shuttle Atlantis touched down in the summer of 2011 at Cape Canaveral closing the book on the U S shuttle program a team of U S Army researchers stood at the ready ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

Nanoparticles found in everyday items can inhibit fat storage: Gold nanoparticles accelerate aging

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
New research reveals that pure gold nanoparticles found in everyday items such as personal care products as well as drug delivery MRI contrast agents and solar cells can inhibit adipose fat storage and lead to ... - Read More

New solar-cell coating could enable a major boost in efficiency

Coating
Throughout decades of research on solar cells one formula has been considered an absolute limit to the efficiency of such devices in converting sunlight into electricity Called the Shockley Queisser efficiency limit it posits that ... - Read More

Peel-and-stick solar cells

It may be possible soon to charge cell phones change the tint on windows or power small toys with peel and stick versions of solar cells thanks to a partnership between Stanford University and the ... - Read More

Rigid growth matrix: A key to success of cardiac tissue engineering

A new study by researchers at UCLA suggests that the elasticity of the physical matrix used for growing heart muscle cells outside of the body may be critical to the success of cardiac tissue engineering ... - Read More

Plant protein shape puzzle solved by molecular 3-D model

Molecular, Plant, plant, molecular
Researchers from North Carolina State University believe they have solved a puzzle that has vexed science since plants first appeared on Earth Share This See Also Endangered Plants Botany Biology Biochemistry Materials Science Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Implantable, bioengineered rat kidney: Transplanted organ produces urine, but further refinement is needed

cells, cells
Bioengineered rat kidneys developed by Massachusetts General Hospital MGH investigators successfully produced urine both in a laboratory apparatus and after being transplanted into living animals In their report receiving advance online publication in Nature Medicine ... - Read More

Scientists use 'the force' (atomic force microscopy) to decode secrets of our gut

Atomic, Microscopy
A new technique based on atomic force microscopy was developed at the Institute of Food Research to help 'read' information encoded in the gut lining Share This See Also Colitis Gastrointestinal Problems Biochemistry Organic Chemistry ... - Read More
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