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News articles about "cell"

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

3-D graphene: Solar cells' new platinum?

cells, cells
One of the most promising types of solar cells has a few drawbacks A scientist at Michigan Technological University may have overcome one of them Dye sensitized solar cells are thin flexible easy to make ... - Read More

Drug delivery: Why gold nanoparticles can penetrate cell walls

Cells are very good at protecting their precious contents and as a result it's very difficult to penetrate their membrane walls to deliver drugs nutrients or biosensors without damaging or destroying the cell One effective ... - Read More

Two become one with the 3-D NanoChemiscope: Unique surface analysis instrument

Surface analysis, Analysis
The 3D NanoChemiscope is a miracle of state of the art analysis technology As a further development of well known microscopic and mass spectroscopic methods it maps the physical and chemical surfaces of materials down ... - Read More

Nitric Oxide Can Regulate Gene Expression

heritable alterations in gene expression caused by mechanisms other than changes in DNA sequence One such example Thomas said are modifications of specialized proteins called histones which are responsible for packaging DNA in the cell ... - Read More

Pass the salt: Common condiment could enable new high-tech industry -- silicon nanostructures

Salt, Nanostructures, Silicon
Chemists at Oregon State University have identified a compound that could significantly reduce the cost and potentially enable the mass commercial production of silicon nanostructures materials that have huge potential in everything from electronics to ... - Read More

Regulating electron 'spin' may be key to making organic solar cells competitive

cells, cells
Organic solar cells a new class of solar cell that mimics the natural process of plant photosynthesis could revolutionise renewable energy but currently lack the efficiency to compete with the more costly commercial silicon cells ... - Read More

Synthetic polymers enable cheap, efficient, durable alkaline fuel cells

Synthetic polymers, Fuel, Fuel cells
A new cost effective polymer membrane can decrease the cost of alkaline batteries and fuel cells by allowing the replacement of expensive platinum catalysts without sacrificing important aspects of performance according to Penn State researchers ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

Plastic solar cells' new design promises bright future

Plastic, Plastic, cells, cells
Energy consumption is growing rapidly in the 21st century with rising energy costs and sustainability issues greatly impacting the quality of human life Harvesting energy directly from sunlight to generate electricity using photovoltaic technologies is ... - Read More

Researchers use nanoparticles to fight cancer

Researchers at the University of Georgia are developing a new treatment technique that uses nanoparticles to reprogram immune cells so they are able to recognize and attack cancer The findings were published recently in the ... - Read More

Chemists' Work Will Aid Drug Design to Target Cancer and Inflammatory Disease

Released 8 8 2013 8 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Indiana University more news from this source Aug 9 2013 BLOOMINGTON Ind Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have produced detailed descriptions of the structure and molecular ... - Read More

'Soft robotic' devices using water-based gels

Gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water based hydrogel material that can be patterned folded and used to manipulate objects The technique holds promise ... - Read More

Bio-imaging: Probing for deeper diagnostics

Multi armed polymers with dual fluorescent and magnetic imaging capabilities boost the resolution of cancer detection tools Molecular probes that selectively latch onto tumor cells and emit imaging signals can detect cancer without invasive procedures ... - Read More

Genome-wide profiling of microRNAs demonstrates how increasing CO2 and temperatures affect plant development

Plant, plant
A study on the mechanisms of how plants respond and adapt to elevated levels of carbon dioxide CO2 and higher temperatures has opened a new perspective in climate research Lead researcher Qiong A Liu Alison ... - Read More

Cracking how life arose on Earth may help clarify where else it might exist

Does life exist elsewhere or is our planet unique making us truly alone in the universe Much of the work carried out by NASA together with other research institutions is aimed at trying to come ... - Read More

Water molecules control inactivation and recovery of potassium channels

potassium, molecules
Just 12 molecules of water cause the long post activation recovery period required by potassium ion channels before they can function again Using molecular simulations that modeled a potassium channel and its immediate cellular environment ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Polymer ribbons for better healing

Polymer
Freiburg researchers develop hydrogels for tissue regeneration that can be fine tuned to fit any body part A new kind of gel that promotes the proper organization of human cells was developed by Prof Prasad ... - Read More

New way to create 'gradients' for understanding molecular interactions

Molecular, molecular
Scientists use tools called gradients to understand how molecules interact in biological systems Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating biomolecular gradients that is both simpler than existing techniques ... - Read More
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