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News articles about "cell"

Fantastic phonons: Blocking sound, channeling heat with 'unprecedented precision'

Heat, Sound
Imagine living on a bustling city block but free from the noise of car horns and people on the street The emerging field of phononics could one day make this a reality The phonon like ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

New generation of micro sensors for monitoring ocean acidification

Ocean, Ocean
The first step in developing a cost effective micro sensor for long term monitoring of ocean acidification has been achieved by a team of scientists and engineers The new technology that will measure pH levels ... - Read More

Animal, human health benefits anticipated from new biomedical instrument

health benefits
A Kansas State University team recently received a nearly $1.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation's Major Research Institute for a biomedical instrument that is anticipated to help with breakthroughs in animal and human ... - Read More

Medicine: The heart's metronome

A specific cell population is responsible for ensuring that our heartbeat remains regular Researchers from Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich have now elucidated the mode of action of one of the crucial components of ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Nanotech drug smugglers

Tiny capsules of carbon are invisible to the chemical gatekeeper that flushes potentially harmful substances out of our bodies' cells according to research published in the International Journal of Computational Biology and Drug Design The ... - Read More

New antifungal composition effectively inhibits wide variety of fungi

In order to overcome resistance to antifungal variety of pathogenic fungi and yeast researchers from the University of Alicante have developed a novel and efficient antifungal composition with pharmacological applications in agriculture and food industry ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life

RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Gene, RNA, Gene, RNA
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes molecular machines that control how genes are expressed report scientists from the University of Chicago online Nov 6 in Nature The discovery establishes that RNA not protein ... - Read More

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

New findings could overcome stumbling blocks to tissue cryopreservation

cells, cells
Developing an efficient way to freeze and store living tissues could transform many aspects of medical care and research but ice crystallization often occurs within cells during such cryopreservation procedures leading to cell death In ... - Read More

Resistance Is Futile: Chemists Develop New Way to Kill Cancer Cells Resistant to the Chemotherapy Drug Cisplatin

cell organelles that generate energy These structures have their own DNA inherited only from the mother which is essential for mitochondrial function Because mitochondria are involved in apoptosis the researchers wanted to see whether they ... - Read More

Designer piercings: New membrane pores with DNA nanotechnology

A new way to build membrane crossing pores using Lego like DNA building blocks has been developed by scientists at UCL in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and the University of Southampton ... - Read More

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar: Small-scale measurements of Earth's mesosphere sought

sodium, NASA
It's used as a coolant in nuclear power plants and as a desiccant to remove humidity that otherwise would ruin moisture sensitive products Found in every cell in the human body it transmits nerve impulses ... - Read More

Gaming technology unravels one of the most complex entities in nature: Computational research unveils secrets in the human carbohydrate bar-code

Complex
Researchers at the University of Manchester's Institute of Biotechnology have used the power of off the shelf computer gaming technology to capture previously unobservable atomic movements The research is helping to chart one of nature's ... - Read More
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