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News articles about "cell"

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side

Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More

Decoding 'sweet codes' that determine protein fates

We often experience difficulties in identifying the accurate shape of dynamic and fluctuating objects This is especially the case in the nanoscale world of biomolecules The research group lead by Professor Koichi Kato of the ... - Read More

First water-based nuclear battery can be used to generate electrical energy

From cell phones to cars and flashlights batteries play an important role in everyday life Scientists and technology companies constantly are seeking ways to improve battery life and efficiency Now for the first time using ... - Read More

Microfluidics: Lab on a breathing chip

Human nasal epithelial cells cultured on a microchip react to air pollutants just like they would in the upper airway The upper respiratory tract is the first line of defense against air pollutants including allergens ... - Read More

Proteins such as tumor markers can be easily, sensitively detected by their scattered light

In future some diseases might be diagnosed earlier and treated more effectively Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen have developed an optical method that makes individual proteins such ... - Read More

UNC Researchers Find Final Pieces to the Circadian Clock Puzzle

Released 12 Sep 2014 9 45 AM EDTEmbargo expired 14 Sep 2014 5 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of North Carolina School of Medicine more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in ... - Read More

Gulf killifishes' biological responses to oil spills similar in field, laboratory studies

Gulf killifish biological responses to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill detected by researchers in the field are similar to those in controlled laboratory studies according to a study published September 10 2014 in the open ... - Read More

Researchers watch lipid molecules in motion

Researchers from Göttingen in collaboration with colleagues from Augsburg have 'filmed' the movement of lipid molecules using an X ray stroboscope at DESY In the scientific journal Physical Review Letters researchers lead by Professor Tim ... - Read More

How skin falls apart: Pathology of autoimmune skin disease revealed at the nanoscale

University at Buffalo researchers and colleagues studying a rare blistering disease have discovered new details of how autoantibodies destroy healthy cells in skin This information provides new insights into autoimmune mechanisms in general and could ... - Read More

New 3-D imaging techniques may improve understanding of biofuel plant material: Never-before-seen details

Comparison of 3D TEM imaging techniques reveals never seen before details of plant cell walls according to a study published September 10 2014 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Purbasha Sarkar from University ... - Read More

More efficient fuel cells for vehicles: Angling chromium to let oxygen through

Researchers have been trying to increase the efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells by lowering the temperatures at which they run More efficient fuel cells might gain wider use in vehicles or as quiet pollution ... - Read More

World's largest DNA origami created

Researchers from North Carolina State University Duke University and the University of Copenhagen have created the world's largest DNA origami which are nanoscale constructions with applications ranging from biomedical research to nanoelectronics These origami can ... - Read More

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

Looking deep inside a working lithium-ion battery

For the first time researchers have been able to open a kind of window into the inner workings of a lithium ion battery Using a neutron beam chemists and engineers at The Ohio State University ... - Read More

New knowledge of cannabis paves way for drug development

About 40% of all medicines used today work through the so called G protein coupled receptors These receptors react to changes in the cell environment for example to increased amounts of chemicals like cannabis adrenaline ... - Read More

In Directing Stem Cells, Study Shows Context Matters

has been working to produce precise chemically defined surfaces on which to grow stem cells “A cell will react differently if it lands near soft tissue like the brain ” To fully explore the idea ... - Read More

Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines

The sea grass beds of Long Island's Great South Bay once teemed with shellfish Clams scallops and oysters filtered nutrients from the water and flushed money through the local economy But three decades after the ... - Read More

Breakthrough for carbon nanotube solar cells: Twice as efficient as current models

Lighter more flexible and cheaper than conventional solar cell materials carbon nanotubes CNTs have long shown promise for photovoltaics But research stalled when CNTs proved to be inefficient converting far less sunlight into power than ... - Read More

Artificial cells take their first steps: Movable cytoskeleton membrane fabricated for first time

Using only a few ingredients the biophysicist Prof Andreas Bausch and his team at the Technische Universität München TUM have successfully implemented a minimalistic model of the cell that can change its shape and move ... - Read More

Small molecule acts as on-off switch for nature's antibiotic factory: Tells Streptomyces to either veg out or get busy

Scientists have identified the developmental on off switch for Streptomyces a group of soil microbes that produce more than two thirds of the world's naturally derived antibiotic medicines Their hope now would be to see ... - Read More
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