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News articles about "Catalyst"

First snapshots of water splitting in photosynthesis

An international team led by Arizona State University scientists has published today in Nature a groundbreaking study that shows the first snapshots of photosynthesis in action as it splits water into protons electrons and oxygen ... - Read More

Uncertainty gives scientists new confidence in search for novel materials

Scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a way to estimate uncertainties in computer calculations that are widely used to speed the search for new materials for ... - Read More

Study Yields First Snapshots of Water Splitting in Photosynthesis

Released 9 Jul 2014 4 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Arizona State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations NatureJul 14 2014 ... - Read More

With 'ribbons' of graphene, width matters: A narrow enough ribbon will transform a high-performance conductor into a semiconductor

Using graphene ribbons of unimaginably small widths just several atoms across a group of researchers at the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee UWM has found a novel way to tune the wonder material causing the extremely ... - Read More

Making graphene from plastic?

Graphene is gaining heated attention dubbed a wonder material with great conductivity flexibility and durability However graphene is hard to come by due to the fact that its manufacturing process is complicated and mass production ... - Read More

Insights from nature for more efficient water splitting

Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More

Water-cleanup catalysts tackle biomass upgrading

Rice University chemical engineer Michael Wong has spent a decade amassing evidence that palladium gold nanoparticles are excellent catalysts for cleaning polluted water but even he was surprised at how well the particles converted biodiesel ... - Read More

A Breakthrough for Organic Reactions in Water

Released 6 25 2014 11 30 AM EDTEmbargo expired 6 26 2014 5 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom McGill University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature CommunicationsJun ... - Read More

Evolution of a bimetallic nanocatalyst

Atomic scale snapshots of a bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst in action have provided insights that could help improve the industrial process by which fuels and chemicals are synthesized from natural gas coal or plant biomass A ... - Read More

Common semiconductors stabilized for solar fuels generation

Researchers around the world are trying to develop solar driven generators that can split water yielding hydrogen gas that could be used as clean fuel Such a device requires efficient light absorbing materials that attract ... - Read More

Better catalysts for petrochemical industry

Zeolites are among the substances which can accelerate chemical reactions they are known as catalysts Usually applied in pellet form the industrial production of gasoline from crude oil without zeolites is today inconceivable The chemical ... - Read More

Surface physics: Leaving the islands

In a recent study involving researchers from Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich the desorption of oxygen molecules from a silver surface was successfully visualized for the first time The effects account for the shortcomings ... - Read More

New method discovered to protect against chemical weapons

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered that some compounds called polyoxoniobates can degrade and decontaminate nerve agents such as the deadly sarin gas and have other characteristics that may make them ideal for protective ... - Read More

A new 'Kabuto-like' nickel catalyst forms bioactive frameworks from phenol derivatives

Researchers at ITbM Nagoya University developed a new nickel catalyst with a Kabuto like structure that was found to catalyze the cross coupling reaction between carbonyl compounds and readily available phenol derivatives to form alpha ... - Read More

Chemists challenge conventional understanding of how photocatalysis works

Photocatalysis catalysis assisted by light is a promising route to convert solar energy into chemical fuels Particularly appealing is the possibility to use photocatalysis to split water molecules into molecular hydrogen Although photocatalysis has been ... - Read More

Catalytic upgrade: Better and cheaper renewable biofuels

New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More
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