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News articles about "Catalyst"

Water-cleanup catalysts tackle biomass upgrading

Rice University chemical engineer Michael Wong has spent a decade amassing evidence that palladium gold nanoparticles are excellent catalysts for cleaning polluted water but even he was surprised at how well the particles converted biodiesel ... - Read More

A Breakthrough for Organic Reactions in Water

Released 6 25 2014 11 30 AM EDTEmbargo expired 6 26 2014 5 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom McGill University more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature CommunicationsJun ... - Read More

Evolution of a bimetallic nanocatalyst

Atomic scale snapshots of a bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst in action have provided insights that could help improve the industrial process by which fuels and chemicals are synthesized from natural gas coal or plant biomass A ... - Read More

Common semiconductors stabilized for solar fuels generation

Researchers around the world are trying to develop solar driven generators that can split water yielding hydrogen gas that could be used as clean fuel Such a device requires efficient light absorbing materials that attract ... - Read More

Better catalysts for petrochemical industry

Zeolites are among the substances which can accelerate chemical reactions they are known as catalysts Usually applied in pellet form the industrial production of gasoline from crude oil without zeolites is today inconceivable The chemical ... - Read More

Surface physics: Leaving the islands

In a recent study involving researchers from Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich the desorption of oxygen molecules from a silver surface was successfully visualized for the first time The effects account for the shortcomings ... - Read More

New method discovered to protect against chemical weapons

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered that some compounds called polyoxoniobates can degrade and decontaminate nerve agents such as the deadly sarin gas and have other characteristics that may make them ideal for protective ... - Read More

A new 'Kabuto-like' nickel catalyst forms bioactive frameworks from phenol derivatives

Researchers at ITbM Nagoya University developed a new nickel catalyst with a Kabuto like structure that was found to catalyze the cross coupling reaction between carbonyl compounds and readily available phenol derivatives to form alpha ... - Read More

Chemists challenge conventional understanding of how photocatalysis works

Photocatalysis catalysis assisted by light is a promising route to convert solar energy into chemical fuels Particularly appealing is the possibility to use photocatalysis to split water molecules into molecular hydrogen Although photocatalysis has been ... - Read More

Catalytic upgrade: Better and cheaper renewable biofuels

New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Breakthrough harnesses light for controlled chemical reaction

When chemist Tehshik Yoon looks out his office window he sees a source of energy to drive chemical reactions Plants learned to synthesize chemicals with sunlight eons ago Yoon came to the field a bit ... - Read More

High-performance, low-cost ultracapacitors built with graphene and carbon nanotubes

By combining the powers of two single atom thick carbon structures researchers at the George Washington University's Micro propulsion and Nanotechnology Laboratory have created a new ultracapacitor that is both high performance and low cost ... - Read More

Surface modification of titanium dioxide for photocatalytic degradation of hazardous pollutants under ordinary visible light

UiTM researchers have developed a modified photocatalyst which is economical and effective at transforming organic pollutants into harmless end products Photocatalytic degradation is one of the highly effective applications in transforming organic pollutants to harmless ... - Read More

Halving hydrogen: First view of nature-inspired catalyst after ripping hydrogen apart provides insights for better fuel cells

Like a hungry diner ripping open a dinner roll a fuel cell catalyst that converts hydrogen into electricity must tear open a hydrogen molecule Now researchers have captured a view of such a catalyst holding ... - Read More

Halving Hydrogen

Released 4 23 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Pacific Northwest National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Angewandte Chemie International EditionApr 24 2014 RICHLAND Wash ... - Read More

New self-healing plastics developed

Scratches in the car finish or cracks in polymer material Self healing materials can repair themselves by restoring their initial molecular structure after the damage Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Evonik Industries ... - Read More
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