All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Addition"

Programming smart molecules: Machine-learning algorithms could make chemical reactions intelligent

Computer scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences SEAS and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have joined forces to put powerful probabilistic reasoning algorithms in the hands ... - Read More

Survey of supposed deep-sea chemical munitions dump off Southern California

Since World War II US nautical charts have shown seven chemical munitions dumping areas along the Pacific Coast between San Francisco and the Mexican border However little or no information is available about the amount ... - Read More

Solar cell degradation observed directly for the first time

With the help of DESY's X ray light source PETRA III researchers of Technische Universität München have for the first time watched organic solar cells degrade in real time This work could open new approaches ... - Read More

Water pollution in Mozambique

Pollution, Pollution
During her PhD project Olivia Carolina Narciso Pedro has studied the incidence of cyanobacteria and the production of microcystins toxic peptides in three different drinking water systems in Mozambique and established methods for monitoring cyanotoxins ... - Read More

Three-dimensional view helps laser in building new molecules

Building, molecules
Scientists have developed a new feedback method for optimizing the laser pulse shapes used in the control of chemical reactions In many ways traditional chemical synthesis is similar to cooking To alter the final product ... - Read More

Electricity from waste heat with more efficient materials

Thermoelectric materials can convert waste heat directly into electricity Tommi Tynell M Sc Tech who is a doctoral candidate at the Aalto University School of Chemical Technology has developed hybrid thermoelectric materials which combine useful ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More

Better water purification with seeds from moringa trees

Seeds from Moringa oleifera trees can be used to purify water Uppsala University leads a research group which has discovered that seed material can give a more efficient purification process than conventional synthetic materials in ... - Read More

Turning waste into power with bacteria and loofahs

Bacteria, bacteria
Loofahs best known for their use in exfoliating skin to soft radiant perfection have emerged as a new potential tool to advance sustainability efforts on two fronts at the same time energy and waste The ... - Read More

Highly insulating windows are very energy efficient, though expensive

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Highly insulating triple pane windows keep a house snug and cozy but it takes two decades or more for the windows to pay off financially based on utility bill savings according to a report by ... - Read More

Data centers can be cooled down in environmentally friendly, energy efficient ways

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Data centers housing thousands of computers have enabled the proliferation of new cloud based services One problem associated with data centers however is their aggregate electricity consumption The servers in the data centers use electricity ... - Read More

Intense two-color double X-ray laser pulses: Powerful tool to study ultrafast processes

A team working at the SACLA X ray Free Electron Laser XFEL in Japan has succeeded in generating ultra bright two color X ray laser pulses for the first time in the hard X ray ... - Read More

Living desert underground: In perpetual darkness of limestone cave, surprisingly diverse ecosystem of microbes

Ecosystem, Ecosystem
Hidden underneath the hilly grasslands studded with ocotillos and mesquite trees in southeastern Arizona lies a world shrouded in perpetual darkness Kartchner Caverns a limestone cave system renowned for its untouched cave formations sculpted over ... - Read More

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Microplastics make marine worms sick

marine, Marine
Tiny bits of plastic trash could spell big trouble for marine life starting with the worms say a team of researchers from Plymouth University and the University of Exeter who report their evidence in a ... - Read More

New simulatable model displaying exotic quantum phenomena

Quantum, Quantum
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More

Rain as acidic as lemon juice may have contributed to ancient mass extinction

Lemon juice
Rain as acidic as undiluted lemon juice may have played a part in killing off plants and organisms around the world during the most severe mass extinction in Earth's history About 252 million years ago ... - Read More

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?

Minerals, Minerals
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials Scientific models of life's origins almost always look to minerals for such essential tasks as the synthesis of life's molecular building ... - Read More

Carbon capture and storage: An inside look at a metal-organic framework (MOF) in action

Carbon, carbon
A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal organic framework MOF as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the design of new and improved MOFs for carbon ... - Read More

Ultra-sensitive force sensing with levitating nanoparticle

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
A recent study led by researchers of the Institute of Photonic Sciences ICFO achieved the highest force sensitivity ever observed with a nano mechanical resonator The scientific results of this study have been published in ... - Read More
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