Chemistry 2011.org
Chemistry2011.org
All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

Related Stories

New ORNL Catalyst Features Unsurpassed Selectivity

Released: 29-Oct-2015 9:05 AM EDT
Source Newsroom: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Add to Favorites
Contact Information

Available for logged-in reporters only

Citations Nature

Oct. 30, 2015 - OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Oct. 29, 2015 – Catalysts that power chemical reactions to produce the nylon used in clothing, cookware, machinery and electronics could get a lift with a new formulation that saves time, energy and natural resources.

The catalyst developed by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and highlighted in a paper published in Nature Communications features unprecedented selectivity and a conversion rate nearly twice that of conventional catalysts. Selectivity refers to the ability to target a specific chemical bond. It is also significant that the catalyst can break the carbon-hydrogen bonds in hydrocarbons such as cyclohexane, the precursor of nylon, without using noble metals. This has been considered a bottle-neck step in the production of nylon.

“The greater the selectivity, the more products that can be derived,” said ORNL chemist and lead author Sheng Dai of the Chemical Sciences Division. “The catalyst is the main ingredient to speed up desired chemical reactions, and we have created one for synthesizing the nylon precursor that is especially effective at activating the carbon-hydrogen bonds.”

ORNL’s successful approach lies in the formation of an ultrahigh concentration of active sites – for breaking the carbon-hydrogen bonds -- from a 50-50 atomistic mixture of manganese oxide and cerium oxide. This creates a catalyst that is extremely porous and features a high surface area, making it efficient at breaking these bonds. The high efficiency, or conversion rate, of the ORNL catalyst means more nylon can be produced from cyclohexane in less time.

Dai emphasized that this success was a team effort as he enlisted the help of ORNL postdoctoral research associate Pengfei Zhang, visiting scholar Hanfeng Lu of Zhejiang University and others to test his concept.

“Our catalyst has created a sustainable way to prepare complex mesoporous metal oxides and demonstrates outstanding performance in the selective oxidation of various hydrocarbons by oxidation,” Zhang said.

This research was funded by DOE’s Office of Science. A portion of the work was done at the Center for Nanophase Materials Science, a DOE User Facility at ORNL. The paper, titled “Mesoporous MnCeOx solid solutions for low temperature and selective oxidation of hydrocarbons,” is available at www.nature.com/ncomms/2015/151015/ncomms9446/full/ncomms9446.html.

Other authors were Li Zhang, Zilu Wu, Shize Yang and Hongliang Shi of ORNL, Ying Zhou, Quilian Zhu and Yinfei Chen of Zhejiang University and Shize Yang and Hongliang Shi of the University of Tennessee.

UT-Battelle manages ORNL for the DOE's Office of Science. The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit www.science.energy.gov/.

Image: www.ornl.gov/sites/default/files/news/images/mesoporous_0.jpg

Cutline: Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s new catalyst is capable of selective oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone.

NOTE TO EDITORS: You may read other press releases from Oak Ridge National Laboratory or learn more about the lab at www.ornl.gov/news. Additional information about ORNL is available at the sites below:
Twitter - www.twitter.com/ornl
RSS Feeds - www.ornl.gov/ornlhome/rss_feeds.shtml
Flickr - www.flickr.com/photos/oakridgelab
YouTube - www.youtube.com/user/OakRidgeNationalLab
LinkedIn - www.linkedin.com/companies/oak-ridge-national-laboratory
Facebook - www.facebook.com/Oak.Ridge.National.Laboratory

Promote your organization’s experts with Expert Pitch.

Comment/Share


Share this story with your friends!

Social Networking

Please recommend us on Facebook, Twitter and more:

Other social media tools

Global Partners
Feedback

Tell us what you think of Chemistry 2011 -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?

About us

Chemistry2011 is an informational resource for students, educators and the self-taught in the field of chemistry. We offer resources such as course materials, chemistry department listings, activities, events, projects and more along with current news releases.

Events & Activities

Are you interested in listing an event or sharing an activity or idea? Perhaps you are coordinating an event and are in need of additional resources? Within our site you will find a variety of activities and projects your peers have previously submitted or which have been freely shared through creative commons licenses. Here are some highlights: Featured Idea 1, Featured Idea 2.

About you

Ready to get involved? The first step is to sign up by following the link: Join Here. Also don’t forget to fill out your profile including any professional designations.

Global Partners