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December 22nd, 2014

Nuclear Chemistry’s Latest News Stories

A stopwatch for electron flashes: duration of energetic electron pulses measured using laser fields

Electron, Electron, Electron
A stopwatch made of light can determine the duration of extremely brief electron flashes Teams based in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics LAP at LMU and at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have ... - Read More

Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Single-atom bit forms smallest memory in the world

Atom, Atom, Atom
One atom equals one bit According to this design principle we would like to construct magnetic data memories in the future Presently a compound of several million atoms is needed to stabilize a magnetic bit ... - Read More

Solar cells utilize thermal radiation

Thermal radiation from the sun is largely lost on most silicon solar cells Up converters transform the infrared radiation into usable light however Researchers have now for the first time successfully adapted this effect for ... - Read More

Fusion foe lends a helping hand: Recent experiments breathe new understanding into oxygen's role in fusion devices

Fusion
Although oxygen is required to sustain life oxygen sucks the life out of fusion by radiating away too much power from the high temperature plasma Accordingly great efforts are expended to reduce the oxygen found ... - Read More

Improving detection of radioactive material in nuclear waste water

As the Fukushima crisis continues to remind the world of the potential dangers of nuclear disposal and unforeseen accidents scientists are reporting progress toward a new way to detect the radioactive materials uranium and plutonium ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

Most Popular Articles

Graphene Researchers Create "Superheated" Water That Can Corrode Diamonds

Released 3 11 2013 5 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom National University of Singapore more news from this source Mar 11 2013 A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore NUS led by Professor ...

Gentle pasteurization of milk – with microwaves
Microwaves, Milk

In the EU funded project MicroMilk European SMEs together with the University of Hohenheim and the Fraunhofer IGB have developed a novel method for pasteurization of milk with microwaves The system preserves the valuable components ...

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ...

Researchers "Fish New Pond" for Antibiotics

Released 10 11 2013 9 35 AM EDTEmbargo expired 10 13 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom McMaster University more news from this source Oct 15 2013 Hamilton ON Oct 13 2013 Researchers at McMaster ...

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño
Ocean, Ocean

A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ...

Geochemistry survey at Chatham Rise reveals absence of modern day greenhouse gas emissions
Gas, Geochemistry, Emissions

Geochemistry analysis conducted by the U S Naval Research Laboratory of fossil sediment injection structures off the New Zealand coast in February and March reveal no presence of modern day expulsions of methane gas a ...

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More Nuclear Chemistry’s Latest News

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research

no picThe researchers from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have shown that mixing plutonium contaminated waste with blast furnace slag and turning it into glass reduces its volume by 85 95 per cent It ... - Read More

Giant atom eats quantum gas

Gas
A team of experimental and theoretical physicists from the University of Stuttgart studied a single micrometer sized atom This atom contains tens of thousands of normal atoms in its electron orbital The interaction of electrons ... - Read More

World's most powerful terahertz quantum cascade laser

Cascade
Whether it is diagnostic imaging analysis of unknown substances or ultrafast communication terahertz radiation sources are becoming more and more important At the Vienna University of Technology an important breakthrough has been achieved Terahertz waves ... - Read More

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves

Natural gas, Gas
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy ... - Read More

Understanding DNA damage from common radiation threat, low-energy electrons

no picEvery day all day our DNA gets beaten up by chemicals and radiation but remarkably most of us stay healthy Now an investigation by a team of French and Canadian researchers has produced insights into ... - Read More
View more Nuclear Chemistry Articles

Physical Organic Chemistry

The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'

New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures Their work is the ...

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