WASHINGTON, D.C., October 8, 2014 --The American Institute of Physics (AIP) congratulates Eric Betzig of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stefan W. Hell of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry and the German Cancer Research Center, and William E. Moerner of Stanford University for winning the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy."
Their techniques combine microscope imaging with advanced techniques in molecular biology, using fluorescent tags to push past the limits of traditional microscopy and opening up new ways to examine and explore the tiny nanostructures that lie at the heart of biology.
"The famous physicist Richard Feynman once said that many more breakthroughs in science would be possible if you could 'just look at the thing'," said H. Frederick Dylla, the executive director and CEO of AIP. "The work of these three Nobel laureates has allowed us to do just that."
According to the Nobel Foundation Web site, Stefan Hell developed stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy in 2000. Working separately, Eric Betzig and William Moerner developed their method, single-molecule microscopy, in the last decade, and Betzig first applied it in 2006.
"Through their work, we are able to better understand the natural designs of human, animal and plant physiologies at the molecular level and to probe the tiny machinery of those unseen structures," Dylla added.
To help journalists and the public understand the context of this work, AIP is compiling a Chemistrya> Nobel Prize Resources page featuring relevant scientific papers and articles, quotes from experts, photos, and other resources. Relevant papers published by AIP Publishing are freely available through December 31, 2014.
ABOUT THE WINNERS
Eric Betzig, U.S. citizen. Born 1960 in Ann Arbor, Mich., USA. Ph.D. 1988 from Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., USA. Group Leader at Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, Va., USA.
Stefan W. Hell, German citizen. Born 1962 in Arad, Romania. Ph.D. 1990 from the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, and Division head at the German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.
William E. Moerner, U.S. citizen. Born 1953 in Pleasanton, Calif., USA. Ph.D. 1982 from Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., USA. Harry S. Mosher Professor in Chemistry and Professor, by courtesy, of Applied Physics at Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., USA.
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