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September 2nd, 2014

Chemistry’s Latest News Stories

Zinc, Proteins, and an Essential Cellular Balancing Act

a single celled fungus Yeast can adapt to both shortages and excesses of zinc says MacDiarmid an associate scientist Zinc is an essential nutrient but if there's too much it's toxic The issue for the ... - Read More

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust

Crust
Although long thought to be devoid of life the bottom of the deep ocean is now known to harbor entire ecosystems teeming with microbes Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating ... - Read More

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered

Nitrogen fertilizer costs U S farmers approximately $8 billion each year and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams damaging the delicate water systems Now a discovery by a team of University ... - Read More

3-D models of electrical streamers

Medical
Streamers may be great for decorating a child's party but in dielectrics they are the primary origin of electric breakdown They can cause catastrophic damage to electrical equipment harm the surrounding environment and lead to ... - Read More

Bright, laser-based lighting devices

Laser, Laser
As a modern culture we crave artificial white lights the brighter the better and ideally using less energy than ever before To meet the ever escalating demand for more lighting in more places and to ... - Read More

Wagon-wheel pasta shape for better LED lights

Light, Light
One problem in developing more efficient organic LED light bulbs and displays for TVs and phones is that much of the light is polarized in one direction and thus trapped within the light emitting diode ... - Read More

Novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically-engineered microorganism

Microorganism, Gasoline
Scientists succeeded in producing 580 mg of gasoline per litre of cultured broth by converting in vivo generated fatty acid For many decades we have been relying on fossil resources to produce liquid fuels such ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance in agricultural environments: A call to action

Antibiotic resistant pathogens are an emerging critical human health issue The World Health Organization WHO has declared antibiotic resistance as a top health issue worldwide Two million Americans are infected each year with diseases resistant ... - Read More

Laser treatments yield smoother metal surfaces

Yield
Ever since the Bronze Age metals have been cast in different shapes for different applications Smooth surfaces that are resistant to corrosion are crucial for many of the present day uses of cast metals ranging ... - Read More

Most Popular Articles

Graphene Researchers Create "Superheated" Water That Can Corrode Diamonds

Released 3 11 2013 5 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom National University of Singapore more news from this source Mar 11 2013 A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore NUS led by Professor ...

Gentle pasteurization of milk – with microwaves
Microwaves, Milk

In the EU funded project MicroMilk European SMEs together with the University of Hohenheim and the Fraunhofer IGB have developed a novel method for pasteurization of milk with microwaves The system preserves the valuable components ...

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ...

Researchers "Fish New Pond" for Antibiotics

Released 10 11 2013 9 35 AM EDTEmbargo expired 10 13 2013 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom McMaster University more news from this source Oct 15 2013 Hamilton ON Oct 13 2013 Researchers at McMaster ...

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño
Ocean, Ocean

A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ...

Geochemistry survey at Chatham Rise reveals absence of modern day greenhouse gas emissions
Gas, Geochemistry, Emissions

Geochemistry analysis conducted by the U S Naval Research Laboratory of fossil sediment injection structures off the New Zealand coast in February and March reveal no presence of modern day expulsions of methane gas a ...

Most Popular Topics
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More Chemistry’s Latest News

Folic acid deficiency can affect the health of great, great grandchildren

no picFolic acid deficiency can cause severe health problems in offspring including spina bifida heart defects and placental abnormalities A study out today reveals that a mutation in a gene necessary for the metabolism of folic ... - Read More

Dams provide resilience to Columbia River basin from climate change impacts

no picDams have been vilified for detrimental effects to water quality and fish passage but a new study suggests that these structures provide ecological and engineering resilience to climate change in the Columbia River basin The ... - Read More

Hope for halting incurable citrus disease

Bacteria, bacteria
The devastating disease Huonglongbing or citrus greening looms darkly over the United States threatening to wipe out the nation's citrus industry whose fresh fruit alone was valued at more than $3.4 billion in 2012. Recently ... - Read More

Investigating mercury pollution in Indonesia

no picProfessor Takanobu Inoue of Toyohashi Tech's Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering has been conducting field surveys of mercury poisoning in Indonesia for over a decade His findings have serious implications and the situation is ... - Read More

Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?

Bacteria, bacteria
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters According to a report written by scientists from the ... - Read More
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